Sarfraz Memon

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Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a homeostatic cytokine for resting T cells with increasing serum and tissue levels during T cell depletion. In preclinical studies, IL-7 therapy exerts marked stimulating effects on T cell immune reconstitution in mice and primates. First-in-human clinical studies of recombinant human IL-7 (rhIL-7) provided the opportunity to(More)
Clinical trials have indicated that autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can persistently suppress inflammatory disease activity in a subset of patients with severe multiple sclerosis (MS), but the mechanism has remained unclear. To understand whether the beneficial effects on the course of disease are mediated by lympho-depletive(More)
Homeostatic regulation of T cells involves an ongoing balance of new T cell generation, peripheral expansion, and turnover. The recovery of T cells when this balance is disrupted provides insight into the mechanisms that govern homeostasis. In a long-term, single cohort study, we assessed the role of thymic function after autologous transplant in adults,(More)
Expression of the transcription complex AP-1, composed of Jun and Fos family members, can be induced by a variety of stimuli. In lymphocytes, AP-1 transcriptional activity increases after TCR ligation and plays an important role in T cell activation events such as lymphokine secretion. To explore the requirements for AP-1 in IL-2 production, the AP-1(More)
Current models for Fas (CD95)-mediated apoptosis suggest that FLICE/caspase-8 is recruited and activated, which results in cell death. However, the role of additional molecules in Fas signaling and FLICE activation is not clear. A chimeric Fas/FLICE (F/F) receptor, containing the extracellular/transmembrane portion of Fas and the caspase region of FLICE,(More)
Interleukin 7 (IL-7) is critical in maintaining thymic-dependent and thymic-independent pathways of T-cell homeostasis. T-cell receptor (TCR) rearrangement excision circles (TRECs) have been used as markers for recent thymic emigrants (RTEs) in assessing human thymic function. To study the thymic and peripheral effects of IL-7 on RTEs, we measured TREC(More)
Overexpression of Bcl-2 can prevent or markedly delay cell death induced by a variety of apoptotic stimuli. Although Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) interactions play a major role in the elimination of self-reactive T cells in the periphery, inhibition of Fas-mediated killing by Bcl-2 has not been consistently observed. The mouse T hybridoma 2B4.11 (2B4) has been(More)
Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI), a standard relapse treatment after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (AlloSCT), has limited efficacy and often triggers GVHD. We hypothesized that after AlloSCT tumor-infiltrating donor lymphocytes could be costimulated ex vivo to preferentially activate/expand antitumor effectors. We tested the feasibility and safety of(More)
Because natural killer (NK) cells can be potent anti-tumor effectors after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, we investigated NK reconstitution and receptor expression in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, focusing on the activating receptors that trigger anti-tumor responses. We determined that NK levels in the(More)
We have previously reported that benzene decreases peripheral white blood cell and platelet counts and specifically lowers subsets of several blood cell types, including CD4+-T cells, B cells, NK cells, and granulocytes. Diminished thymus function has been implicated as a mechanism for CD4+-T cell loss in other conditions such as AIDS by assays of T cell(More)