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Pituitary morphology in patients with Prop1 gene mutations varies. Most patients demonstrate a normal or small pituitary gland. Occasionally, pituitary enlargement of undetermined origin has also been detected. In the present study we use long-term magnetic resonance imaging findings to characterize the morphological abnormalities of the pituitary gland in(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide data for pregnancies in girls with Turner syndrome. Only 5%-10% of TS girls undergo spontaneous puberty and have menses. Spontaneous pregnancy occurs in 2%-7% of TS girls and is associated with a high rate of miscarriages, stillbirths, malformations, and chromosomal aberrations. Besides fetal problems, pregnancy in TS girls is of high(More)
The levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are increased under conditions of impaired glucose metabolism and/or oxidative stress, promoting insulin resistance and other endocrine abnormalities. AGEs play a major role in the pathogenesis of several diseases such as diabetes, atherosclerosis, polycystic ovary syndrome and Alzheimer's disease,(More)
CONTEXT Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widespread industrial compound used in the synthesis of polycarbonate plastics. In experimental animals, neonatal exposure to BPA results in a polycystic ovary-like syndrome (PCOS) in adulthood. A bidirectional interaction between androgens and BPA levels has been disclosed. OBJECTIVE To determine BPA levels in PCOS women as(More)
Hyperthyroidism is a common endocrine disorder affecting 2% of females and 0.5% of males worldwide and antithyroid drugs constitute the first line of treatment in the majority of cases. These agents may cause severe adverse effects and among them liver failure, although rare, is a potential lethal one. This case illustrates the sudden and abrupt(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) constitutes a continuum spectrum of symptoms starting from the early prepubertal years and continuing after menopause. The phenotypic expression varies through time, depending on several internal (e.g. ovarian/adrenal steroidogenesis, insulin resistance) and external factors (e.g. quality and quantity of food, exercise).(More)
Thyroid dysfunction, especially hypothyroidism caused by Hashimoto's thyroiditis is more frequently observed in girls with Turner's syndrome (TS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate prevalence, etiology, karyotype distribution and age at onset of thyroid pathology in girls with TS. Data recorded in 84 girls with TS attending our clinic were(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate liver enzymes in a cohort of women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and controls divided according to body mass index (BMI) and their association with features of the syndrome. DESIGN Eighty-three PCOS women and 64 healthy women were studied. Patients and controls were subdivided into two groups, a lean subgroup (BMI(More)
BACKGROUND Visceral Adiposity Index (VAI) is a gender-specific mathematical index estimated with the use of simple anthropometric (body mass index and waist circumference) and biochemical (triglycerides and high density lipoprotein cholesterol) parameters. Recent studies have shown that VAI reflects accurately the degree of visceral adiposity and insulin(More)
Hyperandrogenemia modifies phenotypic characteristics of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of the present study is to evaluate (a) the prevalence of hyperandrogenemia in PCOS women (Rotterdam criteria) and (b) the impact of either the degree or the type of hyperandrogenemia on phenotype. Anthropometric, clinical, hormonal, metabolic and(More)