Sarangan Ravichandran

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Although CDKN2A is the most frequent high-risk melanoma susceptibility gene, the underlying genetic factors for most melanoma-prone families remain unknown. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified a rare variant that arose as a founder mutation in the telomere shelterin gene POT1 (chromosome 7, g.124493086C>T; p.Ser270Asn) in five unrelated(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The human organic cation transporter-1 (hOCT1) is a polyspecific transporter that plays a role in drug distribution, metabolism and excretion. Previous studies have demonstrated that hOCT1 binding can be stereoselective, but the mechanism for stereochemical recognition has not been described. The purpose of this study was to develop a(More)
Interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), being the hallmark of the T-cell T(H)1 response, has been extensively studied with respect to its expression and regulation of immune function. This gene has been extensively characterized in many mammalian species, making it one of the most widely cloned immunoregulatory genes. Recently, the gene has been identified in avian(More)
SIRT6 is a histone deacetylase that has been proposed as a potential therapeutic target for metabolic disorders and the prevention of age-associated diseases. Thus the identification of compounds that modulate SIRT6 activity could be of great therapeutic importance. We have previously reported on the identification of quercetin and vitexin as SIRT6(More)
ROS-GC1 membrane guanylate cyclase is a Ca(2+) bimodal signal transduction switch. It is turned "off" by a rise in free Ca(2+) from nanomolar to the semicromolar range in the photoreceptor outer segments and the olfactory bulb neurons; by a similar rise in the bipolar and ganglion retinal neurons it is turned "on". These opposite operational modes of the(More)
Cbl proteins are ubiquitin protein ligases, which ubiquitinate activated tyrosine kinases and target them for degradation. Both c-Cbl and Cbl-b have an ubiquitin associated (UBA) domain at their C-terminal end. We observed that high molecular weight ubiquitinated proteins constitutively coimmunoprecipitated with transfected and endogenous Cbl-b, but not(More)
It has been widely demonstrated that affinity chromatography can be used to derive binding affinities, and that these affinities can be correlated to data obtained using standard techniques such as membrane binding, ultrafiltration and equilibrium dialysis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of immobilized nicotinic acetylcholine receptor(More)
The chiral recognition mechanisms responsible for the enantioselective binding on the alpha3beta4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha3 beta4 nAChR) and human organic cation transporter 1 (hOCT1) have been reviewed. The results indicate that chiral recognition on the alpha3beta4 nAChR is a process involving initial tethering of dextromethorphan and(More)
A large number of drug substances act as noncompetitive inhibitors (NCIs) of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) by blocking the ion flux through the channel. An affinity chromatography technique has been developed for investigating the interactions between NCIs and the alpha3beta4 subtype of neuronal nAChR. The data obtained from the(More)
Sponges are sessile filter feeders that have developed efficient defense mechanisms against foreign invaders such as viruses, bacteria or eukaryotic organisms. Antimicrobial peptides are known as major components of the innate immune defense system in marine invertebrates. The aim of the present work was to study the antimicrobial properties of the Indian(More)