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Reported are the prevalence of reproductive tract infections and their contribution to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), as well as the seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), among women living in three inner city wards of Mumbai, India. Women aged < or = 35 years were recruited and screened as cases if they had been admitted to hospital for(More)
Despite high reported coverage for routine and supplementary immunization, in 2010 in Malawi, a large measles outbreak occurred that comprised 134,000 cases and 304 deaths. Although the highest attack rates were for young children (2.3%, 7.6%, and 4.5% for children <6, 6-8, and 9-11 months, respectively), persons >15 years of age were highly affected (1.0%(More)
SETTING Eight HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa. OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis before and after the start of combined antiretroviral therapy (ART) and investigate associated risk factors. DESIGN Multicohort study. Adults enrolled between January 2006 and September 2008. RESULTS A total of 30,134(More)
INTRODUCTION Since 2010, WHO has recommended oral cholera vaccines as an additional strategy for cholera control. During a cholera episode, pregnant women are at high risk of complications, and the risk of fetal death has been reported to be 2-36%. Due to a lack of safety data, pregnant women have been excluded from most cholera vaccination campaigns. In(More)
BACKGROUND Among people living with HIV/AIDS, nutritional support is increasingly recognized as a critical part of the essential package of care, especially for patients in sub-Saharan Africa. The objectives of the study were to evaluate the outcomes of HIV-positive malnourished adults treated with ready-to-use therapeutic food and to identify factors(More)
OBJECTIVES Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are an important cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) but have often not been detected in microbiological studies of Indian women admitted to hospital gynaecology wards or private clinics. In this cross sectional study, women living in the inner city of Mumbai (Bombay) were investigated for(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the association between immune response and mortality in four HIV African programs supported by Médecins Sans Frontières. DESIGN Multicentric retrospective cohort study. METHODS All antiretroviral therapy (ART) naive adults (>15 years) who initiated therapy between March 2001 and November 2010 and receiving therapy for 9 months(More)
BACKGROUND There is little evidence to describe the feasibility and outcomes of services for the care of street children and youth in low-income countries. AIMS To describe the outcomes of a multidisciplinary case management approach delivered in a drop-in centre for street children and youth. METHODS A longitudinal study of street children and youth(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010 and 2011, Haiti was heavily affected by a large cholera outbreak that spread throughout the country. Although national health structure-based cholera surveillance was rapidly initiated, a substantial number of community cases might have been missed, particularly in remote areas. We conducted a community-based survey in a large rural,(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify factors influencing mortality in an HIV programme providing care to large numbers of injecting drug users (IDUs) and patients co-infected with hepatitis C (HCV). METHODS A longitudinal analysis of monitoring data from HIV-infected adults who started antiretroviral therapy (ART) between 2003 and 2009 was performed. Mortality and(More)