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PURPOSE It is generally accepted that early visual deprivation from monocular enucleation (ME; the surgical removal of one eye) results in intact spatial vision. Yet, motion perception studies in this population yield inconsistent findings. Here, we investigated speed and luminance contrast perception in a group of ME individuals. METHODS Twelve ME(More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical data suggest that the loop-diuretic bumetanide might be an effective treatment for neonatal seizures. We aimed to assess dose and feasibility of intravenous bumetanide as an add-on to phenobarbital for treatment of neonatal seizures. METHODS In this open-label, dose finding, and feasibility phase 1/2 trial, we recruited full-term(More)
Immunostimulating oligodeoxynucleotides containing CpG motifs (CpG-ODN) have shown promising efficacy in cancer models when injected locally. In a phase I clinical trial, intratumoral infusions of CpG-ODN in glioblastoma (GBM) patients were well tolerated at doses up to 20 mg. This phase II trial was designed to study the efficacy of a local treatment by(More)
Oligodeoxynucleotides containing CpG motifs (CpG ODNs) display a strong immunostimulating activity and drive the immune response toward the Th1 (T helper type 1) phenotype. These ODNs have shown promising efficacy in preclinical studies when injected locally in several cancer models. We conducted a phase 1 trial to define the safety profile of CpG-28, a(More)
The aim of dose-ranging phase I (resp. phase II) clinical trials is to rapidly identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) (resp., minimal effective dose (MED)) of a new drug or combination. For the conduct and analysis of such trials, Bayesian approaches such as the Continual Reassessment Method (CRM) have been proposed, based on a sequential design and(More)
BACKGROUND Combining several anticancer agents can increase the overall antitumor action, but at the same time, it can also increase the overall observed toxicity. Adaptive dose-escalation designs for drug combinations have recently emerged as an attractive alternative to algorithm-based designs, and they seem more effective in combination recommendations.(More)
The rate of observed dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) determines the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in phase I trials. There are cases in which non–drug-related toxicities or other-cause toxicities (OCT) are flagged as DLTs, or vice versa, due to attribution errors. We aim to assess the impact of such errors on the final estimate of MTD. We compared the impact(More)
The aim of a phase I oncology trial is to identify a dose with an acceptable safety profile. Most phase I designs use the dose-limiting toxicity, a binary endpoint, to assess the unacceptable level of toxicity. The dose-limiting toxicity might be incomplete for investigating molecularly targeted therapies as much useful toxicity information is discarded. In(More)
Although visual short-term memory (VSTM) has been studied extensively, the majority of this literature has focused on the impact of 2-D stimulus properties. Studies of the effects of binocular disparity on VSTM have drawn conflicting conclusions due to design and stimulus differences. To reassess the impact of stereopsis on VSTM we used a novel paradigm in(More)
BACKGROUND Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard design of clinical research to assess interventions. However, RCTs cannot always be applied for practical or ethical reasons. To investigate the current practices in rare diseases, we review evaluations of therapeutic interventions in paediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) and(More)