Sarah Winans Newman

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Hormonal and chemosensory signals regulate social behaviors in a wide variety of mammals. In the male Syrian hamster, these signals are integrated in nuclei of the medial extended amygdala, where olfactory and vomeronasal system transmission is modulated by populations of androgen- and estrogen-sensitive neurons. Evidence from behavioral changes following(More)
Previous work has shown that mating induces the expression of Fos protein within the chemosensory pathways of the male Syrian hamster brain. However, it is not known if this pattern of labeling is specific to mating or the result of social interactions in general. To determine the behavioral specificity of activation within these pathways, Fos(More)
The medial nucleus of the amygdala is important for the neural control of reproductive behavior in the adult male Syrian hamster. Two types of signals are essential for this behavior, chemosensory stimuli and gonadal steroids; these signals appear to be received in different parts of the medial nucleus. The anterior region receives input from olfactory and(More)
Many aspects of reproductive neuroendocrine function and sexual behavior are responsive to both androgens and estrogens, suggesting that receptors for these steroid hormones may reside within single cells in brain regions that control reproductive function. We determined the distribution of estrogen receptor-containing neurons in 40-microns coronal brain(More)
The neural basis of affiliative behavior was examined in the prairie vole, a rodent that exhibits high levels of social contact and paternal behavior. In the first study, the axon-sparing excitotoxin N-methyl-D,L-aspartic acid (NMA) produced lesions in the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala or the corticomedial amygdala. Males with corticomedial lesions(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effects of pheromonal cues and specific behaviors within the male copulatory sequence on c-fos expression in the medial nucleus of the amygdala (Me), the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), and the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of the Syrian hamster brain. Sexually experienced male hamsters were placed into(More)
The effect of castration and steroid replacement on the intracellular partitioning of the androgen receptor in the brain of the male Syrian hamster was determined using immunocytochemistry. Androgen receptors were visualized using the PG-21 antibody (G. S. Prins) on 40-microns coronal brain sections from hamsters perfused with 4% paraformaldehyde with or(More)
To investigate potential mechanisms for sex differences in the physiologic response to androgens, the present study compared the hormonal regulation of intracellular androgen receptor partitioning and the distribution of androgen receptor immunoreactivity in select brain regions from male and female hamsters. Androgen receptors were visualized on coronal(More)
The medial amygdaloid nucleus (Me) is part of a neural pathway that regulates sexual behavior in the male Syrian hamster. To characterize the neurochemical content of neurons in this nucleus, brains from colchicine-treated adult male and female hamsters were immunocytochemically labeled using antibodies that recognize the catecholamine-synthesizing enzymes,(More)
Electrolytic lesions were made in the medial preoptic area (MPOA) and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) to evaluate their participation in the neural regulation of copulatory and chemoinvestigatory behaviors in male hamsters. Damage to either the MPOA or the BNST caused severe deficits in copulatory performance in a subset of the animals in each(More)