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Hormonal and chemosensory signals regulate social behaviors in a wide variety of mammals. In the male Syrian hamster, these signals are integrated in nuclei of the medial extended amygdala, where olfactory and vomeronasal system transmission is modulated by populations of androgen- and estrogen-sensitive neurons. Evidence from behavioral changes following(More)
The effect of castration and steroid replacement on the intracellular partitioning of the androgen receptor in the brain of the male Syrian hamster was determined using immunocytochemistry. Androgen receptors were visualized using the PG-21 antibody (G. S. Prins) on 40-microns coronal brain sections from hamsters perfused with 4% paraformaldehyde with or(More)
Previous work has shown that mating induces the expression of Fos protein within the chemosensory pathways of the male Syrian hamster brain. However, it is not known if this pattern of labeling is specific to mating or the result of social interactions in general. To determine the behavioral specificity of activation within these pathways, Fos(More)
The medial nucleus of the amygdala is important for the neural control of reproductive behavior in the adult male Syrian hamster. Two types of signals are essential for this behavior, chemosensory stimuli and gonadal steroids; these signals appear to be received in different parts of the medial nucleus. The anterior region receives input from olfactory and(More)
An important goal of studies on steroid receptors in the brain is to understand the functions of specific populations of steroid receptor-containing neurons, particularly in the control of sexual behavior. The present study compared the ability of testosterone implants directed toward the medial amygdaloid nucleus (Me) or the bed nucleus of the stria(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effects of pheromonal cues and specific behaviors within the male copulatory sequence on c-fos expression in the medial nucleus of the amygdala (Me), the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), and the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of the Syrian hamster brain. Sexually experienced male hamsters were placed into(More)
Many aspects of reproductive neuroendocrine function and sexual behavior are responsive to both androgens and estrogens, suggesting that receptors for these steroid hormones may reside within single cells in brain regions that control reproductive function. We determined the distribution of estrogen receptor-containing neurons in 40-microns coronal brain(More)
Fos-immunoreactivity is induced during mating in the male Syrian hamster in limbic areas that relay chemosensory information and contain receptors for gonadal steroid hormones. The induction of Fos is an index of neuronal activation. After mating, c-fos expression is greatest in subnuclei of the medial amygdaloid nucleus (Me), bed nucleus of the stria(More)
Mating behavior in the male hamster is dependent upon both chemosensory and hormonal cues, and copulation is abolished if either signal is interrupted. Through reciprocal interactions of these signals, chemosensory stimuli increase circulating testosterone in the male, and the male's hormonal status influences his attraction to female pheromones.(More)
The distributions of the neuropeptides substance P (SP) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) were investigated in four songbird species that differ in their food-storing behavior. The food-storing black-capped chickadee (Parus atricapillus) was compared to the non-storing blue tit (Parus caeruleus) and great tit (Parus major) within the avian family Paridae, as well as(More)