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Rapid ascent to high altitude commonly results in acute mountain sickness, and on occasion potentially fatal high-altitude cerebral edema. The exact pathophysiological mechanisms behind these syndromes remain to be determined. We report a study in which 12 subjects were exposed to a FiO2 = 0.12 for 22 h and underwent serial magnetic resonance imaging(More)
BACKGROUND A CSF flow study in patients with Chiari malformation (ChM) who undergo craniocervical junction decompression (CCJD). METHODS Using spatial modulation of magnetization (SPAMM), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow velocities were measured at the prepontine (PP), anterior cervical (AC), and posterior cervical (PC) subarachnoid spaces (SAS) in healthy(More)
Spatial modulation of magnetization (SPAMM) is a well established imaging technique which superimposes a tagging pattern on conventional magnetic resonance (MR) images, allowing movement to be visualized. A modification to the SPAMM technique, called complementary spatial modulation of magnetization (CSPAMM), which improves the contrast of the tagging(More)
Fibre orientation of myocardial wall plays a significant role in ventricular wall stress, which is assumed to be responsible for many cardiac mechanics, including ventricular remodelling, associated with heart failure. Previous studies, conducted to identify the effects of fibre orientation on left -ventricle (LV) diastolic mechanics, used only animal's(More)
Spatial Modulation of Magnetization is shown to provide a means of estimating perceived spatial resolution directly in vivo. On the first magnetic resonance system tested, resolution in conventional spin echo images was found to be stability limited in the phase encoding direction and voxel limited (via the Nyquist sampling theorem) in the frequency(More)
Fat suppressed MR imaging can be achieved by selectively saturating lipid protons, just before applying a conventional spin-echo rf pulse sequence. The difference in the Larmor frequency between fat and water protons is only 3.5 ppm, so that the frequency response of the suppressing pulse, or pulses, has to be carefully designed. The choice of suitable(More)
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