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PURPOSE To determine whether ROCK inhibition for the treatment of glaucoma can be improved by using novel, locally acting Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitors, such as AMA0076, that lower IOP without inducing hyperemia. METHODS On-target potency of AMA0076 was compared with other ROCK inhibitors (Y-27632 and Y-39983) and conversion of AMA0076 into its(More)
Of all the treatments currently used to lower intraocular pressure in glaucoma patients, filtration surgery is known to be the most effective. However, in a significant percentage of cases, the constructed channel closes due to excessive scar formation, resulting in surgical failure. The process of postoperative wound healing is characterized by the(More)
Due to a prolonged life expectancy worldwide, the incidence of age-related neurodegenerative disorders such as glaucoma is increasing. Glaucoma is the second cause of blindness, resulting from a slow and progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons. Up to now, intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction is the only treatment modality by which(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a large family of proteases involved in many cell-matrix and cell-cell signalling processes through activation, inactivation or release of extracellular matrix (ECM) and non-ECM molecules, such as growth factors and receptors. Uncontrolled MMP activities underlie the pathophysiology of many disorders. Also matrix(More)
PURPOSE Previous reports have yielded conflicting data on the activity of bevacizumab (Avastin), a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody against VEGF-A, in the mouse. The current study was designed to further explore the use of this VEGF inhibitor in various murine models of ocular diseases and compare it to the widely used murine anti-VEGF-R2(More)
Clinical development of ROCK inhibitors has so far been limited by systemic or local ROCK-associated side effects. A soft drug approach, which involves predictable metabolic inactivation of an active compound to a nontoxic metabolite, could represent an attractive way to obtain ROCK inhibitors with improved tolerability. We herein report the design and(More)
Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease and is the second most important cause of irreversible blindness. Filtration surgery remains the most effective therapy to reduce intraocular pressure in glaucoma patients. The main determinant of long-term surgical success is the healing response. Excessive postoperative wound healing with subsequent fibrosis may(More)
Inhibitors of LIM kinases are considered of interest for several indications, including elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), cancer, or infection by HIV-1. LX-7101 (Lexicon Pharmaceuticals) was advanced to Phase-I clinical trials as an IOP-lowering agent for treatment of glaucoma. We here discuss the design, synthesis and evaluation of LIMK inhibitors based(More)
PURPOSE First, to elucidate the effect of Rho kinase inhibitor, AMA0526, on Human Tenon Fibroblast (HTF) proliferation and transdifferentiation to myofibroblasts. Second, the effects of ROCK inhibition on the wound healing process and surgical outcome were investigated in a rabbit model of glaucoma filtration surgery. METHODS After exposure of HTF to(More)
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