Sarah Van de Velde

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Of all the treatments currently used to lower intraocular pressure in glaucoma patients, filtration surgery is known to be the most effective. However, in a significant percentage of cases, the constructed channel closes due to excessive scar formation, resulting in surgical failure. The process of postoperative wound healing is characterized by the(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a large family of proteases involved in many cell-matrix and cell-cell signalling processes through activation, inactivation or release of extracellular matrix (ECM) and non-ECM molecules, such as growth factors and receptors. Uncontrolled MMP activities underlie the pathophysiology of many disorders. Also matrix(More)
Due to a prolonged life expectancy worldwide, the incidence of age-related neurodegenerative disorders such as glaucoma is increasing. Glaucoma is the second cause of blindness, resulting from a slow and progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons. Up to now, intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction is the only treatment modality by which(More)
One of the most consistent findings in the social epidemiology of mental health is the gender gap in depression. Depression is approximately twice as prevalent among women as it is among men. However, the absence of comparable data hampers cross-national comparisons of the prevalence of depression in general populations. Using information about the(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether ROCK inhibition for the treatment of glaucoma can be improved by using novel, locally acting Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitors, such as AMA0076, that lower IOP without inducing hyperemia. METHODS On-target potency of AMA0076 was compared with other ROCK inhibitors (Y-27632 and Y-39983) and conversion of AMA0076 into its(More)
International research consistently finds gender differences in depression, but do women genuinely experience more complaints or are the findings contaminated by group-specific elements unrelated to depression but affecting its measurement? The study of gender differences in depression depends on the measurement quality of the instrument used to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND In many epidemiological studies, women have been observed to consume psychotropic medication more often than men. However, the consistency of this relationship across Europe, with differences in mental health care (MHC) resources and reimbursement policies, is unknown. METHODS Questions on 12-month psychotropic use (antidepressants,(More)
PURPOSE This comparative study examines cross-national variation in gender differences in primary and specialized mental health care use in Europe. We investigate to what extent socioeconomic, family-related, and mental health factors explain the gender difference, and how the impact of these groups of determinants on gender differences in mental health(More)
Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease and is the second most important cause of irreversible blindness. Filtration surgery remains the most effective therapy to reduce intraocular pressure in glaucoma patients. The main determinant of long-term surgical success is the healing response. Excessive postoperative wound healing with subsequent fibrosis may(More)
PURPOSE First, to elucidate the effect of Rho kinase inhibitor, AMA0526, on Human Tenon Fibroblast (HTF) proliferation and transdifferentiation to myofibroblasts. Second, the effects of ROCK inhibition on the wound healing process and surgical outcome were investigated in a rabbit model of glaucoma filtration surgery. METHODS After exposure of HTF to(More)