Sarah V. Holt

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During mitosis, the recruitment of spindle-checkpoint-associated proteins to the kinetochore occurs in a defined order. The protein kinase Bub1 localizes to the kinetochore very early during mitosis, followed by Cenp-F, BubR1, Cenp-E and finally Mad2. Using RNA interference, we have investigated whether this order of binding reflects a level of dependency(More)
Cenp-F is an unusual kinetochore protein in that it localizes to the nuclear matrix in interphase and the nuclear envelope at the G2/M transition; it is farnesylated and rapidly degraded after mitosis. We have recently shown that farnesylation of Cenp-F is required for G2/M progression, its localization to kinetochores, and its degradation. However, the(More)
AZD8055 is a small-molecule inhibitor of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) kinase activity. The present review highlights molecular and phenotypic differences between AZD8055 and allosteric inhibitors of mTOR such as rapamycin. Biomarkers, some of which are applicable to clinical studies, as well as biological effects such as autophagy, growth inhibition(More)
Autophagy is believed to be an important process during tumorgenesis, and in recent years it has been shown to be modulated in response to a number of conventional anticancer agents. Furthermore, the development of targeted small molecule inhibitors, such as those to the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway, has presented a molecular link between the disruption of this(More)
Background:The Ras/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway is frequently deregulated in cancer and a number of inhibitors that target this pathway are currently in clinical development. It is likely that clinical testing of these agents will be in combination with standard therapies to harness the apoptotic potential of both the agents. To support this strategy, it has been(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Despite the introduction of new agents and schedules, chemotherapy still obtains unsatisfactory overall response rates, rare complete remissions and responses of relatively short duration. The inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPS) are a family of caspase inhibitors that selectively bind and(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase/AKT signaling pathways interact at multiple nodes in cancer, including at mTOR complexes, suggesting an increased likelihood of redundancy and innate resistance to any therapeutic effects of single pathway inhibition. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of combining(More)
Resistance to conventional chemotherapy is a major problem in several paediatric tumours. One explanation for this is that tumour cells are unable to engage apoptosis after cytotoxic drug-induced damage. Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) function by inhibiting both effector (9) and initiator (3 and 7) caspases. Repression of the widely expressed(More)
Deregulation of the receptor tyrosine kinase RET has been implicated in medullary thyroid cancer, a small percentage of lung adenocarcinomas, endocrine-resistant breast cancer and pancreatic cancer. There are several clinically approved multi-kinase inhibitors that target RET as a secondary pharmacology but additional activities, most notably inhibition of(More)
Background:Despite substantial improvements in childhood cancer survival, drug resistance remains problematic for several paediatric tumour types. The urgent need to access novel agents to treat drug-resistant disease should be expedited by pre-clinical evaluation of paediatric tumour models during the early stages of drug development in adult cancer(More)