Sarah Tonack

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The mammalian embryo is encased in a glycoproteinaceous coat, the zona pellucida (ZP) during preimplantation development. Prior to implantation, the blastocyst must undergo 'hatching' or ZP escape. In hamsters, there is a thinning of the ZP followed by a focal lysis and a complete dissolution of the ZP during blastocyst hatching. Earlier studies from our(More)
Intoxication by dioxins such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) leads, among other damages, to early embryo loss, fetal malformations, and cardiovascular toxicity. Apart from binding to the arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR), the mechanism of TCDD-mediated embryo toxicity is still unclear. We investigated possible modes of a TCDD-mediated toxicity,(More)
In mouse blastocysts six facilitative glucose transporter isoforms (GLUT)1-4, 8 and 9 are expressed. We have used the mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell line D3 and spontaneously differentiating embryoid bodies (EB) to investigate GLUT expression and the influence of glucose during differentiation of early embryonic cells. Both ES cells and EBs (2d-20d)(More)
The addition of insulin during in vitro culture has beneficial effects on rabbit preimplantation embryos leading to increased cell proliferation and reduced apoptosis. We have previously described the expression of the insulin receptor (IR) and the insulin-responsive glucose transporters (GLUT) 4 and 8 in rabbit preimplantation embryos. However, the effects(More)
Glucose is the most important energy substrate for mammalian blastocysts. Its uptake is mediated by glucose transporters (GLUT). In muscle and adipocyte cells insulin stimulates glucose uptake by activation of the insulin receptor (IR) pathway and translocation of GLUT4. GLUT4 is expressed in bovine preimplantation embryos. A new insulin-responsive isoform,(More)
The insulin/IGF system plays a critical role in embryo growth and development. We have investigated the expression of insulin receptor (IR) and IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) and the activation of their downstream pathways in rabbit 6-d-old blastocysts. IR was expressed in embryoblast (Em, inner cell mass) and trophoblast (Tr) cells, whereas IGF-IR was localized(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of our study were to identify serum biomarkers that distinguish pancreatic cancer (pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, PDAC) patients from benign pancreatic disease patients and healthy subjects, and to assess the effects of jaundice on biomarker performance. METHODS Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification were used to(More)
Glucose is the most important energy substrate for mammalian blastocysts. In preimplantation embryos glucose uptake is mainly mediated by facilitative glucose transporter molecules (GLUT). Employing RT-PCR in 3.5-day-old mouse blastocysts of strain C57/BL6 we have investigated the expression of the GLUT isoforms 1–4 and 8. We could not only detect GLUT 1, 3(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) work as environmental sensors in human tissues. These proteins are members of the helix-loop-helix/Per-ARNT-SIM transcription factor family and form heterodimers with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator. HIF-1 alpha can be activated by low oxygen(More)
During preimplantation development, embryos of many species are known to express up to five isoforms of the facilitative glucose transporter proteins (GLUT). Development of hamster blastocysts is inhibited by glucose. We therefore investigated GLUT isoform and insulin receptor (IR) expression in hamster preimplantation embryos cultured in glucose-free(More)
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