Sarah T Smailes

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The aim of this study was to develop a clinical prediction model to inform decisions about the timing of extubation in burn patients who have passed a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT). Rapid shallow breathing index, voluntary cough peak flow (CPF) and endotracheal secretions were measured after each patient had passed a SBT and just prior to extubation. We(More)
INTRODUCTION Burn in the elderly has a high mortality. Scoring systems incorporating age, and/or co-morbidities have been developed to assist in predicting outcomes in this high risk group. Life expectancy has increased in the general population and within the elderly age group medical co morbidity, physiological response to injury and socioeconomic factors(More)
The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of complications and dysphagia in relation to the timing of tracheostomy and tracheostomy technique in 49 consecutive adult burn patients. We analysed prospectively collected data. Bronchoscopy was used to diagnose tracheal stenosis and a modified Evans blue dye test was used to diagnose dysphagia. Eighteen(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of tracheostomy in burns patients has been controversial. A retrospective study was conducted to assess the use, complications and outcome of tracheostomy in ventilated adult burns patients. METHODS Data was collected retrospectively regarding the extent of injury in each patient, the indication for tracheostomy, and outcome in terms of(More)
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) burns are a huge global health problem resulting in death and devastation to those who survive large burns as they are faced with significant functional limitations that prevent purposeful and productive living. Members of the International Society for Burn Injuries (ISBI) Rehabilitation Committee conducted a(More)
Prediction of total length of stay (LOS) for burns patients based on the total burn surface area (TBSA) is well accepted. Total LOS is a poor measure of resource consumption. Our aim was to determine the LOS in specific levels of care to better inform resource allocation. We performed a retrospective review of LOS in intensive treatment unit (ITU), burns(More)
Burn survival has improved with advancements in fluid resuscitation, surgical wound management, wound dressings, access to antibiotics and nutritional support for burn patients. Despite these advancements, the presence of smoke inhalation injury in addition to a cutaneous burn still significantly increases morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiology of(More)
To identify the incidence and outcome of extubation failure in patients with burn. Retrospective cohort study in a tertiary burn intensive care unit. A review of the casenotes of 132 consecutive adult patients with burn admitted between 2001 and 2005, and requiring mechanical ventilation for >24 hours, was undertaken. Sixty-seven patients underwent(More)
Determining the discharge outcome of burn patients can be challenging and therefore a validated objective measure of functional independence would assist with this process. We developed the Functional Assessment for Burns (FAB) score to measure burn patients' functional independence. FAB scores were taken on discharge from ICU (FAB 1) and on discharge from(More)
The Functional Assessment for Burns (FAB) score is established as an objective measure of physical function that predicts discharge outcome in adult patients with major burn. However, its validity in patients with minor and moderate burn is unknown. This is a multi-centre evaluation of the predictive validity of the FAB score for discharge outcome in adult(More)