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Our goal was to discover genes differentially expressed in the perichondrium (PC) of the mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) that might enhance regenerative medicine or orthopaedic therapies directed at the tissues of the temporomandibular joint. We used targeted gene arrays (osteogenesis, stem cell) to identify genes preferentially expressed in the PC and(More)
Osterix (Osx) is an osteoblast-specific transcription factor required for osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. Osx knock-out mice lack bone completely. Recent findings that Osx inhibits Wnt signaling provide a feedback control mechanism involved in bone formation. Mechanisms of Osx inhibition on Wnt signaling are not fully understood. Our results(More)
Transforming growth factors beta (Tgf-betas) act by means of Smad signaling pathways and may also interact with the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. The hypothesis was tested that Erk1/2 signaling is required for Tgf-beta2-induced suture closure, by culturing embryonic mouse calvariae in the presence of Tgf-beta2 with or without Erk1/2 inhibitor(More)
IMPORTANCE Notch proteins are cell surface transmembrane spanning receptors which mediate critically important cellular functions through direct cell-cell contact. Interactions between Notch receptors and their ligands regulate cell fate decisions such differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis in numerous tissues. We have previously shown using(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study were to examine if Twist and Notch 1 are present in the mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) and whether their gene expression can be altered by exogenous FGF-2 and TGF-β2. DESIGN Half-heads from CD-1 mice pups harvested at embryonic day 17 (E17) were fixed, decalcified, and sectioned in the sagittal plane for(More)
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