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Immunoreactivities for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and, in some cases, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) were detected by light and electron microscopy in axons projecting into the median eminence and pituitary gland of various mammals (rats, mice, guinea pigs, cats, rabbits and hares). Light microscope immunoperoxidase(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory events during sleep usually lead to micro arousals resulting in consecutive daytime sleepiness even in healthy snorers. The present study investigated the evolution of subjective and objective daytime sleepiness and reaction time in healthy snorers submitted to acute and chronic sleep deprivation. METHODS Objective sleepiness was(More)
RATIONALE In rats, 5-HT(1A) receptors are present in the septal region, e.g. on cholinergic neurons of the medial septum, where they might be a substrate for cognitively relevant interactions between cholinergic and serotonergic systems. OBJECTIVE The present experiment assessed the effects of the stimulation of septal 5-HT(1A) receptors on spatial(More)
The Src homology 2 (SH2) domain containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 contributes to prolactin receptor (PRLR) signal transduction to beta-casein gene promoter activation. We report for the first time that SHP-2 physically associates with the signal transducer and activator of transcription-5a (Stat5a), an important mediator of PRLR signaling to(More)
Recent studies suggested that the cholinergic innervation of the hippocampus is not crucial for spatial learning, but it might be important for other forms of learning. This study assessed the effects of partial immunotoxic cholinergic lesions in the medial septum and concurrent scopolamine challenge in a complex learning task, the Hebb-Williams maze.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nocturnal railway noise on cardiovascular reactivity in young (25.8 +/- 2.6 years) and middle-aged (52.2 +/- 2.5 years) adults during sleep. Thirty-eight subjects slept three nights in the laboratory at 1-week interval. They were exposed to 48 randomized pass-bys of Freight, Passenger and Automotive(More)
EGF-responsive C17 murine-derived neural stem cells (neurospheres) were grafted into the dentate gyrus of adult male rats after dentate granule cells lesions produced by colchicine injections. Behavioural performance was evaluated over two post-grafting periods, using tests sensitive to hippocampal dysfunctions. The first period began 1 month after grafting(More)
New amphiphilic derivatives of sodium alginate were prepared by covalent attachment of dodecylamine onto the polysaccharide via amide linkages at different substitution ratios, using 2-chloro-1-methylpyridinium iodide (CMPI) as coupling reagent. The aim was to limit the progressive loss of associative behaviour which occurs in the case of previously(More)
Very few studies were devoted to permanent effects of nocturnal railway noise on sleep and cardiovascular reactivity. We investigated the effects of nocturnal railway noise on sleep and cardiovascular response in young and middle-aged adults living for many years either near a railway track or in a quiet area. Forty subjects (50% males) divided into two age(More)
The thymolytic action of dexamethasone (DEXA) and aldosterone (ALDO) has been studied in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, in the presence of DEXA, the number of apoptotic cells increased with time. After 6 hours of incubation, 55 and 86% of thymocytes are dead with 10(-7) and 10(-5) M of DEXA, respectively. Whereas, in the presence of equivalent concentrations(More)