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BACKGROUND Neurological and oncological outcomes of motor eloquent brain-tumor patients depend upon the ability to localize functional areas and the respective proposed therapy. We set out to determine whether the use of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) had an impact on treatment and outcome in patients with brain tumors in motor eloquent(More)
OBJECTIVE This article explores the feasibility of a novel repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rnTMS) system and compares language mapping results obtained by rnTMS in healthy volunteers and brain tumor patients. METHODS Fifteen right-handed healthy volunteers and 50 right-handed consecutive patients with left-sided gliomas were(More)
BACKGROUND Radiosurgical treatment of brain lesions near motor or language eloquent areas requires careful planning to achieve the optimal balance between effective dose prescription and preservation of function. Navigated brain stimulation (NBS) is the only non-invasive modality that allows the identification of functionally essential areas by electrical(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are known to be potent inductors of functional plasticity, and their vasculature makes standard functional imaging difficult. Here we conducted functional mapping of both primary motor cortex and speech related areas in patients with AVM using navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS), which(More)
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