Sarah S. Ono

Learn More
Distance to healthcare services is a known barrier to access. However, the degree to which distance is a barrier is not well described. Distance may impact different patients in different ways and be mediated by the context of medical need. Identify factors related to distance that impede access to care for rural veterans. Mixed-methods approach including(More)
BACKGROUND The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is changing its primary care delivery by implementing the patient-centered medical home (PCMH). OBJECTIVES To evaluate PCMH implementation among 22 newly formed teams working in the VHA. STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal formative evaluation of team members' role transformation during the first 18 months of(More)
A minority of hospitalized smokers actually receives assistance in quitting during hospitalization or cessation counseling following discharge. This study aims to determine the impact of a guideline-based intervention on 1) nurses’ delivery of the 5A’s (Ask-Advise-Assess-Assist-Arrange follow-up) in hospitalized smokers, and 2) nurses’ attitudes toward the(More)
In this paper we present results of a mixed methods study conducted to identify barriers to team function among staff implementing patient aligned care teams - the Department of Veterans Affairs' patient centered medical home (PCMH) model. Using a convergent mixed methods design, we administered a standardized survey measure (Team and Individual Role(More)
PURPOSE Rural areas contribute a disproportionate number of US military recruits compared to urban areas. However, few studies have examined why many rural veterans do not enroll in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) for health care. Our objective was to elicit reasons rural veterans chose not to use VHA. METHODS This mixed-methods study included(More)
BACKGROUND The US Public Health Service smoking cessation practice guideline specifically recommends that physicians and nurses strongly advise their patients who use tobacco to quit, but the best approach for attaining this goal in the emergency department (ED) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to characterize emergency physicians' (EPs) and(More)
International implementation of the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model for delivering primary care has dramatically increased in the last decade. A majority of research on PCMH's impact has emphasized the care provided by clinically trained staff. In this article, we report our ethnographic analysis of data collected from Department of Veterans(More)
BACKGROUND Many veterans utilize health care services within and outside of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). There are limited VA care coordination resources for non-VA primary care providers (PCPs), and the non-VA provider perspective on caring for veterans is underrepresented. The VA requires Patient Aligned Care Teams to coordinate care for(More)
Delivery of comprehensive care for persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in rural and low prevalence settings presents many challenges. We developed and evaluated a telehealth collaborative care (TCC) program for persons with HIV in a rural area. To determine the feasibility of TCC, and identify factors influencing implementation in(More)
BACKGROUND The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) launched the EvidenceNOW Initiative to rapidly disseminate and implement evidence-based cardiovascular disease (CVD) preventive care in smaller primary care practices. AHRQ funded eight grantees (seven regional Cooperatives and one independent national evaluation) to participate in(More)