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Q fever is an ubiquitous zoonosis caused by an resistant intracellular bacterium, Coxiella burnetii. In certain areas, Q fever can be a severe public health problem, and awareness of the disease must be promoted worldwide. Nevertheless, knowledge of Coxiella burnetii remains limited to this day. Its resistant (intracellular and environmental) and infectious(More)
Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is a lesion frequently, although not exclusively, observed in patients infected by human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV). OHL is clinically characterized by bilateral, often elevated, white patches of the lateral borders and dorsum of the tongue. Histologically, there is profound acanthosis, sometimes with koilocytic changes, and(More)
The adamalysin-thrombospondin (ADAMTS) proteinases are a relatively newly described branch of the metzincin family that contain metalloproteinase, disintegrin, and thrombospondin motifs. They have been implicated in various cellular events, including cleavage of proteoglycans, extracellular matrix degradation, inhibition of angiogenesis, gonadal(More)
BACKGROUND The cause of sarcoidosis is unknown, although mycobacteria have been implicated. We examined sarcoid tissues for human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) in addition to mycobacterial genomic sequences. METHODS Biopsy samples from 17 patients with sarcoidosis were studied (eight transbronchial, 27 lymph node, two skin, and two oral mucosa). We used tissues(More)
BACKGROUND Oral health is important both for well-being and successful elite sporting performance. Reports from Olympic Games have found significant treatment needs; however, few studies have examined oral health directly. The aim of this study was to evaluate oral health, the determinants of oral health and the effect of oral health on well-being, training(More)
From UK Thames Cancer Registry data, after controlling for socioeconomic deprivation of area of residence, South Asian males showed a higher relative risk of oral (1.36; 95% CI: 1.11, 1.67), but not of pharyngeal cancer than non-South Asian males, whereas South Asian females had much higher risks of these cancers (3.67; 95% CI: 2.97, 4.53 and 2.06; 95% CI:(More)
We have demonstrated previously a loss of constitutional heterozygosity on the short arm of chromosome 3 in approximately 50% of oral squamous cell carcinomas. In the present study, we have investigated 30 oral dysplastic lesions (DLs), presenting clinically as either erythroplakias or leukoplakias with histopathological features of either severe epithelial(More)
The incidence of visual impairment is increasing globally and in the United Kingdom due to local and systemic disease, medical advances, and the increasing age of population groups. Despite there being a large number of people resident in the UK with a visual impairment, there is little information available regarding the dental health care and needs of(More)
Despite the accessibility of the oral cavity to clinical examination, delays in diagnosis of oral and oropharyngeal carcinoma (OOPC) are observed in a large majority of patients, with negative impact on prognosis. Diagnostic aids might help detection and improve early diagnosis, but there remains little robust evidence supporting the use of any particular(More)