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The search for water on the surface of the anhydrous Moon had remained an unfulfilled quest for 40 years. However, the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) on Chandrayaan-1 has recently detected absorption features near 2.8 to 3.0 micrometers on the surface of the Moon. For silicate bodies, such features are typically attributed to hydroxyl- and/or water-bearing(More)
[1] The Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M 3), a high‐resolution, high‐precision imaging spectrometer, flew on board India's Chandrayaan‐1 Mission from October 2008 through August 2009. This paper describes some of the spatial sampling aspects of the instrument, the planned mission, and the mission as flown. We also outline the content and context of the resulting(More)
[1] High‐resolution compositional data from Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M 3) for the Moscoviense region on the lunar farside reveal three unusual, but distinctive, rock types along the inner basin ring. These are designated " OOS " since they are dominated by high concentrations of orthopyroxene, olivine, and Mg‐rich spinel, respectively. The OOS occur as small(More)
[1] The NASA Discovery Moon Mineralogy Mapper imaging spectrometer was selected to pursue a wide range of science objectives requiring measurement of composition at fine spatial scales over the full lunar surface. To pursue these objectives, a broad spectral range imaging spectrometer with high uniformity and high signal‐to‐noise ratio capable of measuring(More)
Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Although this report is in the public domain, permission must be secured from the individual copyright owners to reproduce any copyrighted material contained within this report. Figures 1. Image of oil emulsion from the Deepwater(More)
[1] We evaluate the effect and importance of a ground truth correction for the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M 3) level 2 (reflectance) data set. This correction is derived from extensive laboratory characterizations of mature feldspathic lunar soils and is designed to improve the accuracy of 1 mm absorption features in M 3 reflectance data. To evaluate the(More)
Introduction: Almost all lunar multi-ringed impact basins have been eroded by impacts or filled by mare volcanism. One multi-ringed basin, Orientale, remains largely unfilled by mare volcanism and offers substantial clues to the nature of basin forming events and their early evolution. The Orientale basin (~930 km in diameter) (Fig. 1), the youngest (~3.82(More)
Introduction: India's Chandrayaan-1 successfully launched October 22, 2008 and went into lunar orbit a few weeks later. Commissioning of instruments began in late November and was near complete by the end of the year. Initial data for NASA's Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M 3) were acquired across the Orientale Basin and the science results are discussed here. M 3(More)
Introduction. The canonical characterization of the lunar crust is based principally on available Apollo, Luna, and meteorite samples. The crust is described as an anorthosite-rich cumulate produced by the lunar magma ocean that has been infused with a mix of Mg-suite components. These have been mixed and redistributed during the late heavy bombardment and(More)