Sarah R. Carrino-Kyker

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The community of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi colonizing roots of the forest herb Allium tricoccum Ait. (wild leek) was examined to assess whether colonization varied seasonally and spatially within the forest. Whole plants were collected to coincide with observed phenological stages, and the perennial tissue (i.e., the bulb) was used to analyze total(More)
Human development pollutes runoff and ground water. Temporary pools are good habitats to study the influence of general non-point source pollution because they are created by runoff and ground water, among other processes, which, in northern Ohio, can contain substances accumulated over the winter. Furthermore, little information on land-use effects on(More)
In this study, we examined the effects of physicochemical variability on the microbial communities of vernal pools. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis revealed temporal changes to be more pronounced than spatial changes in eukaryotic and bacterial communities. Sequencing revealed high degrees of richness in decomposers, which supports the notion that(More)
Forest vernal pools experience strong environmental fluctuations, such as changes in water chemistry, which are often correlated with changes in microbial community structure. However, very little is known about the extent to which these community changes influence ecosystem processes in vernal pools. This study utilized experimental vernal pool microcosms(More)
The majority of terrestrial plant roots are colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi that, in exchange for carbon, provide plants with enhanced nutrient uptake — most notably inorganic phosphate (Pi). To mediate the uptake of Pi from the soil, AM fungi possess high affinity inorganic phosphate transporters (PTs). Under laboratory conditions, Pi(More)
Many forests are affected by chronic acid deposition, which can lower soil pH and limit the availability of nutrients such as phosphorus (P), but the response of mycorrhizal fungi to changes in soil pH and P availability and how this affects tree acquisition of nutrients is not well understood. Here, we describe an ecosystem-level manipulation in 72 plots,(More)
Human activities have greatly increased nitrogen (N) levels in natural habitats through atmospheric N deposition and nutrient leaching, which can have large effects on N cycling and other ecosystem processes. Because of the significant role microorganisms play in N cycling, high inputs of nitrogenous compounds, such as nitrate (NO3-), into natural(More)
Many temperate forests of the Northeastern United States and Europe have received significant anthropogenic acid and nitrogen (N) deposition over the last century. Although temperate hardwood forests are generally thought to be N-limited, anthropogenic deposition increases the possibility of phosphorus (P) limiting productivity in these forest ecosystems.(More)
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