Sarah Piccirillo

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Multicellular organisms utilize cell-to-cell signals to build patterns of cell types within embryos, but the ability of fungi to form organized communities has been largely unexplored. Here we report that colonies of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae formed sharply divided layers of sporulating and nonsporulating cells. Sporulation initiated in the(More)
In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the cell division cycle and sporulation are mutually exclusive cell fates; glucose, which stimulates the cell division cycle, is a potent inhibitor of sporulation. Addition of moderate concentrations of glucose (0.5%) to sporulation medium did not inhibit transcription of two key activators of sporulation, IME1(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown on plastic surfaces formed organized structures, termed minicolonies, that consisted of a core of round (yeast-like) cells surrounded by chains of filamentous cells (pseudohyphae). Minicolonies had a much higher affinity for plastic than unstructured yeast communities growing on the same surface. Pseudohyphae at the surface of(More)
Different cell types can form patterns within fungal communities; for example, colonies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae form two sharply defined layers of sporulating cells separated by an intervening layer of unsporulated cells. Because colony sporulation patterns have only been investigated in a single laboratory strain background (W303), in this report we(More)
BACKGROUND IME1, which is required for the initiation of meiosis, is regulated by Cln3:Cdc28 kinase, which activates the G1-to-S transition, and Snf1 kinase, which mediates glucose repression. Here we examine the pathway by which Cln3:Cdc28p represses IME1 and the relationship between Cln3:Cdc28p and Snf1p in this regulation. RESULTS When wild-type yeast(More)
Many microbial communities contain organized patterns of cell types, yet relatively little is known about the mechanism or function of this organization. In colonies of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, sporulation occurs in a highly organized pattern, with a top layer of sporulating cells sharply separated from an underlying layer of(More)
We describe three extensions of the method of site-specific genomic (SSG) mutagenesis. These three extensions of SSG mutagenesis were used to generate precise insertion, deletion, and allele substitution mutations in the genome of the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. These mutations are termed precise because no attached sequences (e.g., marker(More)
Across many phyla, a common aspect of multicellularity is the organization of different cell types into spatial patterns. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, after diploid colonies have completed growth, they differentiate to form alternating layers of sporulating cells and feeder cells. In the current study, we found that as yeast colonies(More)
Patterning of different cell types in embryos is a key mechanism in metazoan development. Communities of microorganisms, such as colonies and biofilms also display patterns of cell types. For example, in the yeast S. cerevisiae, sporulated cells and pseudohyphal cells are not uniformly distributed in colonies. The functional importance of patterning and the(More)
Several components of the glucose induction pathway, namely the Snf3p glucose sensor and the Rgt1p and Mth1p transcription factors, were shown to be involved in inhibition of sporulation by glucose. The glucose sensors had only a minor role in regulating transcript levels of the two key regulators of meiotic initiation, the Ime1p transcription factor and(More)