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Multicellular organisms utilize cell-to-cell signals to build patterns of cell types within embryos, but the ability of fungi to form organized communities has been largely unexplored. Here we report that colonies of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae formed sharply divided layers of sporulating and nonsporulating cells. Sporulation initiated in the(More)
BACKGROUND IME1, which is required for the initiation of meiosis, is regulated by Cln3:Cdc28 kinase, which activates the G1-to-S transition, and Snf1 kinase, which mediates glucose repression. Here we examine the pathway by which Cln3:Cdc28p represses IME1 and the relationship between Cln3:Cdc28p and Snf1p in this regulation. RESULTS When wild-type yeast(More)
We present the first results of an experimental method (jet expansion followed by laser induced fluorescence) that collects absorption spectra of cold, gas-phase isolated species. This method, closely simulating interstellar conditions, is a powerful tool to assert diffuse interstellar bands (DIB) identification. It only requires the species studied to be(More)
BACKGROUND Precise targeted mutations are defined as targeted mutations that do not require the retention of other genetic changes, such as marker genes, near the mutation site. In the yeast, S. cerevisiae, there are several methods for introducing precise targeted mutations, all of which depend on inserting both a counter-selectable marker and DNA bearing(More)
Across many phyla, a common aspect of multicellularity is the organization of different cell types into spatial patterns. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, after diploid colonies have completed growth, they differentiate to form alternating layers of sporulating cells and feeder cells. In the current study, we found that as yeast colonies(More)
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