Learn More
Nanoparticles containing magnetic materials, such as magnetite (Fe3O4), are particularly useful for imaging and separation techniques. As these nanoparticles are generally considered to be biologically and chemically inert, they are typically coated with metal catalysts, antibodies or enzymes to increase their functionality as separation agents. Here, we(More)
The yeast non-Mendelian factor [URE3] propagates by a prion-like mechanism, involving aggregation of the chromosomally encoded protein Ure2. The [URE3] phenotype is equivalent to loss of function of Ure2, a protein involved in regulation of nitrogen metabolism. The prion-like behaviour of Ure2 in vivo is dependent on the first 65 amino acid residues of its(More)
Ure2p is the precursor protein of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae prion [URE3]. Ure2p shows homology to glutathione transferases but lacks typical glutathione transferase activity. A recent study found that deletion of the Ure2 gene causes increased sensitivity to heavy metal ions and oxidants, whereas prion strains show normal sensitivity. To demonstrate that(More)
We have analysed the conformational states of barnase that are bound by the molecular chaperones GroEL and SecB. Line broadening in the NMR spectra of barnase in the presence of chaperone indicates binding of the native state of barnase to both GroEL and SecB, with a dissociation constant of > 3 x 10(-4) M for the GroEL-native barnase complex. GroEL and(More)
Ure2 is the protein determinant of the [URE3] prion phenotype in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and consists of a flexible N-terminal prion-determining domain and a globular C-terminal glutathione transferase-like domain. Overexpression of the type I Hsp40 member Ydj1 in yeast cells has been found to result in the loss of [URE3]. However, the mechanism of prion(More)
The chaperonin GroEL is a large complex composed of 14 identical 57-kDa subunits that requires ATP and GroES for some of its activities. We find that a monomeric polypeptide corresponding to residues 191 to 345 has the activity of the tetradecamer both in facilitating the refolding of rhodanese and cyclophilin A in the absence of ATP and in catalyzing the(More)
Hydrogen-deuterium exchange of 39 amide protons of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens ribonuclease (barnase) was analyzed by two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance in the presence of micromolar concentrations of the molecular chaperones GroEL and SecB. Both chaperones bound to native barnase under physiological conditions and catalyzed exchange of deeply buried(More)
GSTs (glutathione transferases) are an important class of enzymes involved in cellular detoxification. GSTs are found in all classes of organisms and are implicated in resistance towards drugs, pesticides, herbicides and antibiotics. The activity, structure and folding, particularly of eukaryotic GSTs, have therefore been widely studied. The crystal(More)
Views about the importance of the role of molluscicides in the integrated control of human schistosomiasis have passed through cyclical changes over the past 15 years. For a time, it was hoped that chemotherapy alone would achieve significant morbidity control; it has since become clear that molluscicides cannot be easily excluded from the anti-schistosome(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein Ure2 functions as a regulator of nitrogen metabolism and as a glutathione-dependent peroxidase. Ure2 also has the characteristics of a prion, in that it can undergo a heritable conformational change to an aggregated state; the prion form of Ure2 loses the regulatory function, but the enzymatic function appears to be(More)