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In this report we describe the 1,500-fold purification and characterization of the haemolytic phospholipase C (PLC) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the paradigm member of a novel PLC/phosphatase superfamily. Members include proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Bordetella spp., Francisella tularensis and Burkholderia pseudomallei. Purification involved(More)
Entamoeba histolytica infection may have various clinical manifestations. Nine out of ten E. histolytica infections remain asymptomatic, while the remainder become invasive and cause disease. The most common form of invasive infection is amebic diarrhea and colitis, whereas the most common extra-intestinal disease is amebic liver abscess. The underlying(More)
Antimicrobial stewardship programs are increasingly recognized as critical in optimizing the use of antimicrobials. Consequently, more physicians, pharmacists, and other healthcare providers are developing and implementing such programs in a variety of healthcare settings. The purpose of this guidance document is to outline the knowledge and skills that are(More)
We describe mycobacterial phospholipase A activity (MPLA) and, using reverse genetics, have associated this activity with putative mycobacterial cutinase. PLAs, which hydrolyze fatty acids on phospholipids, play a significant role in human inflammatory states and disease pathogenesis. In prokaryotes, the recognition of their role in virulence is more(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and demographic and psychological correlates of Internet use as a help-seeking resource for emotional problems in a community sample of adolescents. METHOD A self-report survey was completed by 9th-through 12th-grade students ( = 519) enrolled in health courses in six New York State high schools in the fall/winter of(More)
Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is an important human pathogen that causes many types of infections, including pharyngitis and severe invasive diseases. We recently sequenced the genome of a serotype M3 strain and identified a prophage-encoded secreted phospholipase A(2) designated SlaA. To study SlaA structure-activity relationships, 20 site-specific mutants(More)
Five on-farm practices for reduction of Salmonella shedding or sero-prevalence in grow-finish swine were selected through scoping study and expert consultation. Specific examples were selected based on supporting evidence from at least one controlled trial (CT), and availability to Canadian swine producers. Efficacy was evaluated using systematic review and(More)
OBJECTIVE The issue of thimerosal-containing vaccines as a possible cause of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) has been a controversial topic since 1999. Although most practitioners are familiar with the controversy, many are not familiar with the type or quality of evidence in published articles that have addressed(More)
The complications of amebic liver abscess are underappreciated in developed countries and are often misdiagnosed. We report a 16-month-old male child with amebic liver abscess, initially misdiagnosed with pneumonia, who became critically ill with peritoneal, pleural and pericardial extension, and gastric perforation. In addition to highlighting the(More)