Sarah N Mueller

Learn More
Endothelial cells from human blood vessels were cultured in vitro, with doubling times of 17 to 21 hours for 42 to 79 population doublings. Cloned human endothelial cell strains were established for the first time and had similar proliferative capacities. This vigorous cell growth was achieved by addition of heparin to culture medium containing reduced(More)
Cytogenetic evaluation of serially subcultivated human endothelial cells revealed significant differences between cultures derived from fetal umbilical cords and cultures derived from various vessel sites in adults. A rapid increase in the prevalence of polyploid cells, to levels of 100% in many cases, was detected in human umbilical vein endothelial cell(More)
Karyotypic and phenotypic changes were found in human adult endothelial cells (EC) during aging in vitro. A trisomy of chromosome 11 was found in 11 out of 12 EC cultures examined, derived from 9 cell lines from 8 donors. The incidence of this trisomy in some cell lines increased over time from 0% to as much as 100% near the end of their in vitro life span.(More)
In meningeal carcinomatosis, retroviral vector-producer cells can be introduced into the thecal sac and circulate in the cerebrospinal fluid to reach malignant tumor cells in the leptomeninges, release vector particles, and selectively infect and transfer a gene of interest to these cells. Gene transfer experiments with the lacZ gene and in vitro retroviral(More)
The effects of heparin and other glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) on the mitogenicity and stability of acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) were studied. The mitogenic activity of aFGF was assayed utilizing cultured adult human endothelial cells (AHECs) isolated from iliac arteries and veins as target cells. In most experiments, aFGF purified from bovine brain(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the permeability characteristics of an in vitro endothelial cell monolayer system and relate this information to available in vivo data. We cultured bovine fetal aortic endothelial cells on fibronectin-coated polycarbonate filters and confirmed that our system was similar to others in the literature with regard(More)
A cloned strain of bovine vascular endothelial cells with a finite in vitro lifespan was treated with benzo(a)pyrene (BP) after approximately 75% of its lifespan was completed. Untreated cultures of this strain senesced upon serial subcultivation and contained large, nondividing cells. In three out of seven trials, BP treatment produced transformed lines(More)
We have developed a system for the in vitro evaluation of the interaction of human adult endothelial cells (HAEC) with prosthetic vascular graft material. HAEC, isolated from adult human iliac veins, proliferated vigorously in culture for approximately 70 population doublings. The large number of HAECs produced permitted high-density seeding of prosthetic(More)
Nanoparticle delivery of subunit vaccines may increase vaccine efficacy, leading to a wide variety of safe and effective vaccines beyond those available through dosing inactivated or live, attenuated whole pathogens. Here we present a versatile vaccine delivery platform based on PRINT hydrogels made of biocompatible hydroxy-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) that(More)
Bovine fetal aortic endothelial cells cultured in serum-containing medium accumulate angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and also release it into the culture medium. Following subcultivation of a confluent culture using trypsin-EDTA, cellular ACE activity falls 50% within 8 h, but no ACE activity is detected in the medium, suggesting(More)