Sarah N. Konopka

Learn More
BACKGROUND Despite global progress in the fight to reduce maternal mortality, HIV-related maternal deaths remain persistently high, particularly in much of Africa. Lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) appears to be the most effective way to prevent these deaths, but the rates of three key outcomes--ART initiation, retention in care, and long-term ART(More)
BACKGROUND Despite progress reducing maternal mortality, HIV-related maternal deaths remain high, accounting, for example, for up to 24 percent of all pregnancy-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is effective in improving outcomes among HIV-infected pregnant and postpartum women, yet rates of initiation, adherence, and(More)
BACKGROUND In high-prevalence populations, HIV-related maternal mortality is high with increased mortality found among HIV-infected pregnant and postpartum women compared to their uninfected peers. The scale-up of HIV-related treatment options and broader reach of programming for HIV-infected pregnant and postpartum women is likely to have decreased(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate anthropometric characteristics as determinants of 500 m rowing ergometer performance in physically inactive collegiate females. In this cross-sectional study, which included 196 collegiate females aged 19-23 years not participating in regular physical activities, body mass (BM), body height (BH), length of upper limbs(More)
A radioimmunoassay (RIA) was developed for the quantification of caffeine in saliva. The mean salivary caffeine level for this sample of 40 full-term, AGA, healthy 1-2 day old human neonates was consistent with levels reported in previous studies. Salivary caffeine was significantly correlated with the number of state changes and startles observed during(More)
  • 1