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Age-related accumulation of cellular damage and death has been linked to oxidative stress. Calorie restriction (CR) is the most robust, nongenetic intervention that increases lifespan and reduces the rate of aging in a variety of species. Mechanisms responsible for the antiaging effects of CR remain uncertain, but reduction of oxidative stress within(More)
Polypharmacy, common in older people, confers both risk of adverse outcomes and benefits. We assessed the relationship of commonly prescribed medications with anticholinergic and sedative effects to physical and cognitive performance in older individuals. The study population comprised 932 moderately to severely disabled community-resident women aged 65(More)
BACKGROUND The Drug Burden Index (DBI), a measure of exposure to anticholinergic and sedative medications, has been independently associated with physical and cognitive function in a cross-sectional analysis of community-dwelling older persons participating in the Health, Aging and Body Composition study. Here we evaluate the association between DBI and(More)
BACKGROUND The Drug Burden Index (DBI), a measure of an individual's exposure to anticholinergic and sedative medications, is associated with functional impairment in community-dwelling, older people. In people from residential aged care facilities (RACFs), DBI score does not appear to be associated with functional impairment, but is associated with an(More)
We aimed to assess the relationship between Drug Burden Index (DBI), a risk assessment tool that measures anticholinergic and sedative medication exposure and cognitive performance, and cognitive impairment in older people. The study population consisted of community-dwelling older men, 70 years or older, living in Sydney, Australia. The Addenbrooke's(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine an optimal discriminating number of concomitant medications associated with geriatric syndromes, functional outcomes, and mortality in community-dwelling older men. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Older men aged ≥ 70 years (n=1,705), enrolled in the Concord Health and Aging in Men Project were studied. Receiver operating(More)
BACKGROUND Older people carry a high burden of illness for which medications are indicated, along with increased risk of adverse drug reactions. We developed an index to determine drug burden based on pharmacologic principles. We evaluated the relationship of this index to physical and cognitive performance apart from disease indication. METHODS Data from(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the association between the Drug Burden Index (DBI), a measure of a person's total exposure to anticholinergic and sedative medications that includes principles of dose-response and maximal effect and is associated with impaired physical function in community-dwelling older people, and falls in residents of residential aged care(More)
Evidence about the association between treatment with high-risk medicines and frailty in older individuals is limited. We investigated the relationship between high-risk prescribing and frailty at baseline, as well as 2-year incident frailty, in 1,662 men ≥70 years of age. High-risk prescribing was defined as polypharmacy (≥5 medicines), hyperpolypharmacy(More)
The Drug Burden Index (DBI) is associated with poorer physical function in stable, community-dwelling, older people. The authors speculated that a higher DBI is associated with reduced physical function (Barthel Index, primary outcome) and predicts adverse outcomes (length of stay, in-hospital mortality, secondary outcomes) in frail, acutely ill, older(More)