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We have previously shown that the infusion of donor lymphocytes expressing the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene is an efficient tool for controlling graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) while preserving the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. In addition to the GVL effect, the administration of donor HSV-tk(+) cells could have a clinical(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haploidentical family donors is a promising therapeutic option for high-risk hematologic malignancies. Here we explored in 121 patients, mostly with advanced stage diseases, a sirolimus-based, calcineurin-inhibitor-free prophylaxis of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) to allow(More)
Gene therapy is a highly attractive strategy for many types of inherited disorders of the immune system. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficient-severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) has been the target of several clinical trials based on the use of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells engineered with retroviral vectors. The introduction of a low intensity(More)
Gene therapy is a promising therapeutic strategy for genetic and acquired hematologic diseases. With the improvements in gene transfer and expression, factors affecting safety and efficacy of gene therapy can now be evaluated to establish the best clinical benefit-to-risk ratio. The induction of immune responses against gene therapy components is one of the(More)
BACKGROUND Neurotoxicity is a recognized complication of cyclosporine A (CSA) treatment. The incidence of severe CSA-related neurological complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is 4-11%. METHODS We describe 6 cases of CSA related neurotoxicity out of 67 matched related HSCT performed in paediatric Middle East patients(More)
The extensive exploitation of the antitumor effect of donor lymphocytes infused after allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is limited by the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). To overcome this limitation, we investigated the therapeutic potential of donor lymphocytes engineered with the suicide gene thymidine kinase of(More)
The importance of HLA-DPB1 matching for the outcome of allogeneic hematologic stem cell (HSC) transplantation is controversial. We have previously identified HLA-DPB1*0901 as a target of cytotoxic T cells mediating in vivo rejection of an HSC allograft. Here we show that HLA-DPB1*0901 encodes a T-cell epitope shared by a subset of DPB1 alleles that(More)
We previously demonstrated that severe graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), associated with the therapeutic infusion of donor lymphocytes after allogeneic marrow transplantation (BMT), can be efficiently controlled by the SFCMM-2-mediated expression of the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) suicide gene into the allogeneic lymphocytes. This was(More)
Despite advances in graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) treatment, it is estimated that overall survival (OS) at 2 years for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients who experience steroid-resistant GVHD is 10%. Among recent therapeutic approaches for GVHD treatment, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) hold a key position. We describe a multicenter(More)
We assessed clinical results in 145 patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia in chronic phase who satisfied criteria for interferon-alpha failure and were thus eligible for treatment with imatinib at the Hammersmith Hospital. We used univariate and multivariate analyses to develop a risk score based on features defined after treatment for 3 months. We(More)