Sarah Malcolm

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BACKGROUND This study compared the efficacy and safety of 4 therapeutically relevant strategies for switching clinically stable patients from a conventional antipsychotic drug or risperidone to olanzapine. METHOD Two hundred nine outpatients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder who were clinically stable while being(More)
Two experiments have been conducted to determine the effects of calorie restriction on cellular proliferation in female mouse tissues. In the first experiment, 25% calorie restriction led to a decrease in cellular proliferation, measured by the [3H]thymidine labeling index, in each of the 7 tissues examined. The duct lining cells of the mammary gland were(More)
In a study designed to minimize interspecies extrapolation of toxicological data, nine rhesus (Macaca mulatta) and 15 cynomolgus (M. fascicularis) day-old infant monkeys were separated from their dams following parturition and hand-reared using a liquid non-human primate formulation. The infants were randomly divided into a control and a treated group which(More)
INTRODUCTION CD40 ligand (CD40L) blockade has demonstrated efficacy in experimental autoimmune models. However, clinical trials of hu5c8, an anti-human CD40L IgG1 antibody, in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were halted due to an increased incidence of thrombotic events. This study evaluated CDP7657, a high affinity PEGylated monovalent Fab' anti-CD40L(More)
A two-generation reproduction-feeding study was undertaken with Sprague-Dawley rats to ascertain the effects of ingesting chinook salmon fillets caught in the Credit River, which empties into Lake Ontario (LO), or in the Owen Sound region of Lake Huron (LH). Rats (30/sex/group) were randomly assigned to groups whose dietary protein consisted of casein(More)
The purpose of this research was to determine if fiber spacing for small fiber diameter fibro-porous meshes affected tissue response in vivo. Disk-shaped polyurethane meshes, with mean fiber diameters of 7.6 microm and fiber spacing between 6 and 68 microm, were implanted in rat subcutaneous dorsum for 5-week intervals and then prepared for light microscopy(More)
Previous research has indicated a relationship between the ability to detect deceit and selfawareness. In this study, two experiments were conducted to further investigate this relationship. Thirty-two (28 females and 4 males) undergraduate students listened to 116 true and false statements with headphones in an attempt to determine which statements(More)
The effect of coffee total lipids (CTL), coffee non-saponifiable matter (NSM) and coffee diterpene alcohols (DTA) extracted from Coffea arabica beans on serum cholesterol in adult male Syrian hamsters was examined. The animals were fed either a commercial laboratory chow diet (study 1), containing 5% fat and low in saturated fat (1.46 g/100 g diet) and(More)
Young virgin female Swiss Webster mice were fed AIN-76A semi-purified diets containing equal weights of different fats for approximately 30 days. Using [3H]thymidine radioautography, it was established that mice fed 100% lard or high levels of fish oils (menhaden oil or cod liver oil) developed elevated cellular proliferation in the duct cells of the(More)