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Biosensors for glutamate (Glu) were fabricated from Teflon-coated Pt wire (cylinders and disks), modified with the enzyme glutamate oxidase (GluOx) and electrosynthesized polymer PPD, poly(o-phenylenediamine). The polymer/enzyme layer was deposited in two configurations: enzyme before polymer (GluOx/PPD) and enzyme after polymer (PPD/GluOx). These four… (More)
Biosensors were fabricated at neutral pH by sequentially depositing the polycation polyethyleneimine (PEI), the stereoselective enzyme L-glutamate oxidase (GluOx) and the permselective barrier poly-ortho-phenylenediamine (PPD) onto 125-microm diameter Pt wire electrodes (Pt/PEI/GluOx/PPD). These devices were calibrated amperometrically at 0.7 V versus SCE… (More)
Reports that globular proteins could enhance the interference blocking ability of the PPD (poly(o-phenylenediamine) layer used as a permselective barrier in biosensor design, prompted this study where a variety of modifying agents were incorporated into PPD during its electrosynthesis on Pt-Ir electrodes. Trapped molecules, including fibrous proteins and… (More)
The apparent Michaelis constant, K(M), for glutamate oxidase (GluOx) immobilised on Pt electrodes increased systematically with enzyme loading. The effect was due, at least in part, to electrostatic repulsion between neighbouring oxidase molecules and the anionic substrate, glutamate (Glu). This understanding has allowed us to increase the Glu sensitivity… (More)
A biosensor selectivity coefficient defined for poly(o-phenylenediamine) electrosynthesised onto Pt microdisks and cylinders was unexpectedly found to change as the scale of the electrodes decreased, mainly due to enhanced permeability of a ubiquitous interference species in biological systems, ascorbic acid.