Sarah M. Gruba

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Schistosomiasis is a parasitic flatworm disease that infects 200 million people worldwide. The drug praziquantel (PZQ) is the mainstay therapy but the target of this drug remains ambiguous. While PZQ paralyses and kills parasitic schistosomes, in free-living planarians PZQ caused an unusual axis duplication during regeneration to yield two-headed animals.(More)
Platelet exocytosis is regulated partially by the granular/cellular membrane lipids and proteins. Some platelets contain a membrane-bound tube, called an open canalicular system (OCS), which assists in granular release events and increases the membrane surface area for greater spreading. The OCS is not found in all species, and variations in membrane(More)
Exocytosis is a highly regulated intercellular communication process involving various membrane proteins, lipids, and cytoskeleton restructuring. These components help control granule fusion with the cell membrane, creating a pore through which granular contents are released into the extracellular environment. Platelets are an ideal model system for(More)
Mast cells play a significant role in both the innate and adaptive immune response; however, the tissue-bound nature of mast cells presents an experimental roadblock to performing physiologically relevant mast cell experiments. In this work, a heterogeneous cell culture containing primary culture murine peritoneal mast cells (MPMCs) was studied to(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by narrowed airways, bronchial hyper-responsiveness, mucus hyper-secretion, and airway remodeling. Mast cell (MC) infiltration into airway smooth muscle (ASM) is a defining feature of asthma, and ASM regulates the inflammatory response by secreting chemokines, including CXCL10 and CCL5.(More)
As tissue-resident immune cells, mast cells are frequently found in close proximity to afferent neurons and are subjected to immunoactive mediators secreted by these neurons, including substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Neurogenic inflammation is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of many diseases. Unraveling(More)
Platelets are small (1-2μm in diameter), circulating anuclear cell fragments with important roles in hemostasis and thrombosis that provide an excellent platform for studying the role of membrane components in cellular communication. Platelets use several forms of communication including exocytosis of three distinct granule populations, formation of(More)
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