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BACKGROUND Our objective was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the research literature that compared muscle strength in postmenopausal women who were and were not on estrogen-based hormone therapy (HT). METHODS Twenty-three relevant studies were found. Effect sizes (ESs) were calculated as the standardized mean difference, and(More)
Sarcopenia, defined as muscle weakness and fiber atrophy, of respiratory muscles such as the diaphragm (DIAm) has not been well characterized. The DIAm is the main inspiratory muscle and knowledge of DIAm sarcopenia is important for establishing the effects of aging on respiratory function. We hypothesized that aging is associated with a loss of DIAm force(More)
To perform a range of ventilatory and nonventilatory behaviors, the diaphragm muscle (DIAm) must be able to generate sufficient forces throughout the lifespan. We hypothesized that sarcopenia impacts DIAm force generation and thus limits performance of expulsive, higher force, nonventilatory behaviors. Male and female mice (n = 79) at 6 and 24 mo of age(More)
Muscle weakness ensues when serum testosterone declines with age in men. Testosterone's female counterpart, estrogen, also has been implicated in age-related strength loss, but these results are less conclusive. Our working hypothesis is that estrogens do benefit muscle strength, and that the underlying mechanism involves estrogen receptors to improve(More)
Activation of the tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB) by brain-derived neurotrophic factor acutely regulates synaptic transmission at adult neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). The role of TrkB kinase activity in the maintenance of NMJ function and structure at diaphragm muscle NMJs was explored using a chemical-genetic approach that permits reversible(More)
The risk for respiratory complications and infections is substantially increased in old age, which may be due, in part, to sarcopenia (aging-related weakness and atrophy) of the diaphragm muscle (DIAm), reducing its force generating capacity and impairing the ability to perform expulsive non-ventilatory motor behaviors critical for airway clearance. The(More)
The age-related mechanisms underlying sarcopenia are largely unknown. We hypothesize that age-related neuromuscular changes depend on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) acting through the tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB). Maximal specific force and neuromuscular transmission failure were assessed at 6, 18 and 24 months following control,(More)
Neuroplasticity following spinal cord injury contributes to spontaneous recovery over time. Recent studies highlight the important role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling via the high-affinity tropomyosin-related kinase (Trk) receptor subtype B (TrkB) in recovery of rhythmic diaphragm activity following unilateral spinal hemisection at C2(More)
Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) acting through the tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB) enhances neuromuscular transmission in the diaphragm muscle of adult mice, reflecting presynaptic effects. With aging, BDNF enhancement of neuromuscular transmission is lost. We hypothesize that disrupting BDNF/TrkB signaling in early old age will reveal(More)
Volumetric muscle loss (VML) injuries present a complex and heterogeneous clinical problem that results in a chronic loss of muscle tissue and strength. The primary limitation to muscle tissue regeneration after VML injury is the frank loss of all native muscle constituents in the defect, especially satellite cells and the basal lamina. Recent advancements(More)