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Light microscopy studies have previously shown that Bombycirhynchus sphyraenaicum is an exceptional trypanorhynch cestode, characterised by a poeciloacanthous armature and two enormous bothridia, which overlap parts of the pars bulbosa, a character combination unique within the trypanorhynchs. Plerocercoids of B. sphyraenaicum from the fish Lates calcarifer(More)
The influence of parasites on mate selection and on a secondary sexual character was studied in guppies (Poecilia reticulata). In fish infected with Camallanus cotti or Gyrodactylus, females were found to prefer males with relatively few parasites, and this preference was associated with a higher display rate in less parasitised males.
Ulcers in Atlantic menhaden Brevoortia tyrannus (Latrobe) (Clupeidae), observed along the USA east coast, have been attributed to diverse etiologies including bacterial, fungal and, recently, harmful algal blooms. To understand the early pathogenesis of these lesions, we examined juvenile Atlantic menhaden collected during their seasonal presence in(More)
Kudoa spp. (Myxozoa: Multivalvulida) are of significant concern in marine and estuarine teleosts because of trophozoites and spores in the skeletal muscle reducing the marketability of wild and cultured fish. Kudoa spp. have rarely been reported from elasmobranchs. Spores of a Kudoa sp. were identified in two captive, mature bullnose eagle rays(More)
The hexamitid flagellate Spironucleus vortens, previously reported from Pterophyllum scalare from Florida, was found in the intestine of Leuciscus idus in Norway. The flagellate was cultivated and studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Identification was based on a suite of ultrastructural features unique for S. vortens: compound lateral(More)
A diplomonad flagellate, Spironucleus torosa n. sp. is described from Atlantic Cod Gadus morhua and haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus. This is believed to be the 1st confirmed report of Spironucleus from a marine fish. Organisms swimming in the rectal lumen were broadly pyriform to elongate, and measured 10.5-18.6 microns long and 3.2-13.3 microns wide;(More)
From Manaus, Brazil, 12 juvenile arapaima Arapaima gigas were imported to the United States and sent to 2 public aquaria, 1 private hobbyist, and 1 retailer. All 12 fish became ill within 4 to 6 wk of arrival, with signs of anorexia, lethargy, depigmentation, and ascites, and subsequently died despite antibiotic and anthelminthic therapy. Gross necropsies(More)
Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica), a nematode parasite commonly found in the liver of wild rodents, infects a wide variety of mammals, including humans. A retrospective study of black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) at the Baltimore Zoo showed that 5 of 21 (24%) of the prairie dogs submitted for postmortem examination between 1981 and(More)
Few drugs are approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for treating parasite infections in minor species such as fish, due in part to the high cost of developing such drugs and to a relatively small market share for drug sponsors. Because in vivo effectiveness trials for antiparasitic drugs are costly, time consuming, and use many animals,(More)
In 1995 at a sea-farm in Ireland, Atlantic salmon Salmo salar smolts were introduced in the spring and autumn into 2 marine rearing sites, one with and one without recent histories of neurologic disease and mass mortality believed to be due to parasitic encephalitis. In order to monitor disease, determine the onset and anatomic distribution of parasites and(More)