Sarah L . Mackenzie

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Individual common carp Cyprinus carpio were screened repeatedly for risk taking (rate of exploration of a novel, potentially dangerous environment) and for competitive ability (success in gaining access to a spatially restricted food source). Marked differences in behaviour were evident, and significant consistency in individual responses across trials was(More)
CD83, a cell surface membrane glycoprotein member of the Ig superfamily which is commonly used as standard surface marker for dendritic cells, was cloned from gilthead sea bream macrophages using degenerate primers against conserved motifs of known CD83 sequences. The obtained cDNA contains an open reading frame of 669 nucleotides that translate into a 222(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) is a cytokine with multiple biological functions which, in mammals, has been shown to modulate muscle and adipose tissue metabolism. In fish, TNF alpha has been identified in several species. However, few studies have examined the role of TNF alpha in fish outside the immune system. In this study, we assessed the(More)
Infection of the soybean root by the soybean cyst nematode (SCN) (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) induces a well-documented, yet poorly understood, response by the host plant. The plant response, involving the differentiation of a feeding structure, or "syncytium," facilitates the feeding and reproduction of the nematode to the detriment of the host. We used(More)
In order to determine the cortisol response after an immune challenge in the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), a cortisol receptor (GR) was cloned, sequenced and its expression determined after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment. To clone the gilthead seabream GR (sbGR), consecutive PCR amplifications and screening of a pituitary cDNA library were(More)
Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) were subjected to either experimental infection with Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida or Nodavirus after a period of 2 weeks of crowding in which fish were subjected to a 5-fold increase in density (10-50 kg/m(3)). Samples were obtained before the crowding period (0 h or(More)
Resolving phenotype variation within a population in response to environmental perturbation is central to understanding biological adaptation. Relating meaningful adaptive changes at the level of the transcriptome requires the identification of processes that have a functional significance for the individual. This remains a major objective towards(More)
Fish macrophage function can be altered after exposure to pathogens as well as to xenobiotics. Considering that wild and farmed fish can be exposed in their habitats simultaneously to different types of stressors, including chemical contaminants (e.g. heavy metals) and pathogens (e.g. bacteria), it is fundamental to study their impact either isolated or in(More)
We present the complete C3 cDNA sequence of Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and its molecular characterization with a descriptive analysis of their structural elements. We obtained one sequence for Gilthead seabream (gsbC3) which encodes a predicted protein of 1656 amino acids, and two sequences for European(More)