Sarah L Kennedy

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Proinflammatory cytokines act at receptors in the CNS to alter physiological and behavioral responses. Exposure to stressors increases both peripheral and central proinflammatory cytokines, yet the mechanism(s) of induction remain unknown. Experiments here examined the role of catecholamines in the in vivo induction of proinflammatory cytokines following(More)
Heat-shock protein concentrations in the blood increase after exposure to a variety of stressors, including trauma and psychological stress. Although the physiological function of extracellular heat shock protein remains controversial, there is evidence that extracellular heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72) can facilitate immunologic responses. The signal(s) that(More)
Modulation of sympathetic drive to the spleen is one potential mechanism whereby physical activity prevents stress-induced splenic immune suppression in rats. The current study tested the hypothesis that voluntary freewheel running reduces peripheral sympathetic drive by modulating stress-induced activity of brain regions synaptically linked to(More)
Exposure to an intense acute stressor immediately following immunization leads to a reduction in anti-KLH IgM, IgG, and IgG2a, but not IgG1. Stress also depletes splenic norepinephrine (NE) content. Immunization during pharmacological (alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine) or stress-induced splenic NE depletion results in antibody suppression similar to that found in(More)
The aging immune system is characterized by the progressive decline in the antibody and T cell-mediated responses to antigen. Little is known, however, about the benefits of exercise in aging on the generation of a primary immune response to antigen and the subsequent antibody and memory T cell-mediated response. Most in vivo immune research to date has(More)
The majority of previous work examining stress responses has been done in males. Recently, it has become clear that the impact of stressor exposure is modulated by sex. One stress response that may be affected by sex is the induction of intracellular heat shock protein (HSP) 72, which is a stress- responsive molecular chaperone that refolds denatured(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effects of an exercise-based comprehensive rehabilitation program on the physiological, health, and cost benefit in medically complex patients. DESIGN Case series SETTING Comprehensive rehabilitation centers. PARTICIPANTS Elderly chronically ill men (n = 39, age = 75.3 +/- 1.4) and women (n = 74, age = 76.5 +/- 0.9 years).(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of acute (24 h) and chronic (5 wk) hypobaric hypoxic exposure equivalent to a simulated altitude of 4,300 m (446 mmHg) on the enzymes of fat metabolism. Heart, liver, and skeletal muscle were taken from 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats. Altitude exposure did not affect the activity of citrate synthase in any of(More)
Elevation of proinflammatory cytokines in the brain have potent effects on altering physiological, behavioral, and cognitive processes. The mechanism(s) by which brain cytokines are induced during a peripheral immune challenge remains unclear since microorganisms/cytokines do not cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Recent studies indicate that central(More)
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE Exercise modulates many aspects of physiology. The purpose of the current experiment was to characterize the impact of regular, moderate physical activity on resting, baseline measures of cellular immunity blood lipids, and muscle enzyme. METHODS Male Fischer 344 rats were housed with either mobile (run, N = 10) or immobile(More)