Sarah L. Horswell

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Hydroxide adsorption on the (111), (110), and (100) faces of silver electrodes from mixed NaOH/NaF solution is studied using cyclic voltammetry and in situ second harmonic generation (SHG). Cyclic voltammograms for the three low index silver planes in alkaline electrolytes are for the first time compared. They show two pairs of anodic and cathodic peaks in(More)
A mixed bilayer of cholesterol and dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine has been formed on a gold-coated block of quartz by fusion of small unilamellar vesicles. The formation of this bilayer lipid membrane on a conductive surface allowed us to study the influence of the support's surface charge on the structure and hydration of the bilayer lipid membrane. We(More)
Electrochemistry and polarization modulation Fourier transform infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-FTIRRAS) was employed to investigate fusion of small unilamellar vesicles of 1,2dioyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidyl choline (DOPC) onto the Au(111) electrode. Electrochemical studies demonstrated that the DOPC vesicles fuse and spread onto the gold(More)
A model biological membrane was formed by fusion of mixed cholesterol and DMPC (dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine) phospholipid vesicles onto a gold-coated quartz support. The gold surface was charged and the influence of the charge at the solid support on the structure and integrity of the phospholipid bilayer was investigated using the specular reflection of(More)
Charge density measurements and polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy were employed to investigate the spreading of small unilamellar vesicles of a dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC)/cholesterol (7:3 molar ratio) mixture onto an Au (111) electrode surface. The electrochemical experiments demonstrated that vesicles fuse and(More)
In this work we address the challenge of furthering our understanding of the driving forces responsible for the metal-metal interactions in industrially relevant bimetallic nanocatalysts, by taking a comparative approach to the atomic scale characterization of two core-shell nanorod systems (AuPd and AuRh). Using aberration-corrected scanning transmission(More)
This study focuses on the deposition and growth mode of rhodium (Rh) on gold (Au) seed nanorods (NRs). Using a combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy imaging, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and UV−visible absorption spectroscopy, we show that Rh deposition results in an uneven overlayer morphology on the Au NR seeds, with a tendency(More)
A method for the preparation of smooth deposits of Pt on Au nanorods is described, involving sequential deposition steps with selective blocking of surface sites that reduces Pt-on-Pt deposition. The Au-Pt nanorods prepared by this method have higher long-term stability than those prepared by standard Pt deposition. Electrochemical data show that the(More)
Platinum (Pt) nanoparticles were prepared in aqueous dispersion using the non-ionic surfactant nonylphenolethoxylate (NP9) and the cationic surfactant tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB). The surfactants were added to give colloidal stability. Such species are generally considered to block electrochemical active sites and to be undesirable for the(More)
The global optimization of PdnIr(N-n) N = 8-10 clusters has been performed using the Birmingham Cluster Genetic Algorithm (BCGA). Structures were evaluated directly using density functional theory (DFT), which has allowed the identification of Ir and Ir-rich PdIr cubic global minima, displaying a strong tendency to segregate. The ability of the searches to(More)