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It has recently been proposed, on the basis of a theoretical analysis, that the folding of the mucosa provides a significant component of airway stiffness. The model predicted that the stiffness of an airway was directly related to the number of epithelial folds that developed. In this study we examine the possibility that the folding pattern is determined(More)
The epithelial folding that occurs during bronchoconstriction requires that the pressure on the muscle side of the folding membrane be greater than that on the lumen side. The pressure required for a given level of folding depends on the elastic properties of the tissue and on the geometry of the folding. To quantify the elastic properties, uniaxial tensile(More)
Magnetic resonance microscopy is used to non-invasively measure the radial velocity distribution in Couette flow of erythrocyte suspensions of varying aggregation behavior at a nominal shear rate of 2.20 s(-1) in a 1 mm gap. Suspensions of red blood cells in albumin-saline, plasma and 1.48% Dextran added plasma at average hematocrits near 0.40 are studied,(More)
Nanomedicine directed at diagnosis and treatment of infections can benefit from innovations that have substantially increased the variety of available multifunctional nanoplatforms. Here, we targeted a spherical, icosahedral viral nanoplatform to a pathogenic, biofilm-forming bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus. Density of binding mediated through specific(More)
The theoretical problem of how to describe apparent image spin density under conditions of restricted diffusion, given any general gradient sequence, is intrinsically complex. Here we demonstrate a simple approach to calculating the signal and the corresponding density in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging experiments by means of an impulse-propagator(More)
Microorganisms that colonize surfaces, biofilms, are of significant importance due to their role in medical infections, subsurface contaminant remediation, and industrial processing. Spatially resolved data on the distribution of biomass within a capillary bioreactor, the heterogeneity of the biofilm itself and the impact on transport dynamics for a(More)
In this article we present magnetic resonance microscopy (MRM) characterization of the advective transport in a biofilm capillary reactor. The biofilm generates non-axial flows that are up to 20% of the maximum axial velocity. The presence of secondary velocities of this magnitude alters the mass transport in the bioreactor relative to non-biofilm fouled(More)
Biofilm growth in porous media is difficult to study non-invasively due to the opaqueness and heterogeneity of the systems. Magnetic resonance is utilized to non-invasively study water dynamics within porous media. Displacement-relaxation correlation experiments were performed on fluid flow during biofilm growth in a model porous media of mono-dispersed(More)
Polycrystalline ice, as found in glaciers and the ice sheets of Antarctica, is a low porosity porous media consisting of a complicated and dynamic pore structure of liquid-filled intercrystalline veins within a solid ice matrix. In this work, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance measurements of relaxation rates and molecular diffusion, useful for probing pore(More)