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Primary hepatocytes lose their differentiated functions rapidly when in culture. Our aim was to maintain the differentiated status of hepatocytes in vitro by means of vital hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), their soluble and particulate factors and lipid extracts. Hepatocytes were placed into collagen-coated culture dishes in the presence of HSCs at different(More)
BACKGROUND Communication skills combined with specialized knowledge are fundamental to the doctor-patient relationship in surgery. During a single-station video-recorded objective structured clinical examination (VOSCE), students were tasked with obtaining informed consent. Our aim was to develop a standardized and quality-assured assessment method in(More)
Mesenchymal tissues harbour stromal cells capable of multilineage differentiation. Here, we demonstrate the isolation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from rat peritoneal adipose tissue capable of osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation. Under in vitro conditions favouring hepatocyte differentiation, these MSC gained characteristic functions of hepatocytes(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cultured adult hepatocytes may be stimulated into clonal expansion. We raise the question whether adult hepatocytes proliferating in vitro recapitulate the early process of hepatic development. METHODS A non-enzymatic method was used to isolate hepatocytes free of contamination with non-parenchymal cells. Hepatocytes were stimulated into(More)
PURPOSE Hepatocyte transplantation is strongly considered to be a promising option to correct chronic liver failure through repopulation of the diseased organ. We already reported on extensive liver repopulation by hepatocytes transplanted into rats preconditioned with 25-Gy single dose selective external beam irradiation (IR). Herein, we tested lower(More)
During liver regeneration in vivo carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO) are supposed to play a significant role. We raise the question whether CO and NO are involved in the growth process of cultured hepatocytes. Rat hepatocytes were stimulated into proliferation, growth being estimated by DNA content, mRNA by quantitative RT-PCR, and inducible NO(More)
Nearly 50 % of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients develop liver metastases with liver resection being the only option to cure patients. Residual micrometastases or circulating tumor cells are considered a cause of tumor relapse. This work investigates the influence of partial hepatectomy (PH) on the growth and molecular composition of CRC liver metastasis in(More)
PURPOSE Hepatocyte transplantation following liver irradiation (IR) and partial hepatectomy (PH) leads to extensive liver repopulation. We investigated the changes in the liver induced by IR explaining the loss of reproductive integrity in endogenous hepatocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Right lobules of rat liver underwent external beam IR (25 Gy). A second(More)
PURPOSE Laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of colon carcinoma causes pH value alterations as well as changes in fibrinolytic activity. This results in enhanced proliferation of colon carcinoma cells in vitro and also in enhanced growth of liver metastasis when compared to isobaric (gasless) laparoscopy in vivo. So far, the direct influence of CO(2)(More)
TRPC-mediated Ca(2+) entry has been implicated in the control of smooth muscle proliferation and might represent a pivotal mechanism underlying in-stent restenosis. As we have observed significant expression of TRPC3 in human smooth muscle from the coronary artery as well as the aorta, we tested the efficiency of a recently discovered TRPC3 selective Ca(2+)(More)