Sarah Karram

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Few long-term single-center studies have addressed the outcome of patients with papillary urothelial neoplasms of low malignant potential. Our study evaluates the behavior of these tumors occurring as primary urinary bladder lesions. For this purpose, 34 primary in-house cases diagnosed and treated between 1998 and 2008 were identified from our medical(More)
Currently, there is no consensus as to the optimal method for measuring tumor length or percentage of cancer on a core when there are 2 or more foci of prostate cancer in a single core separated by benign intervening stroma. One option is to measure discontinuous foci of cancer as if they were 1 single continuous focus. The other option is to add the(More)
BACKGROUND BRAF mutations have been implicated in initiating promutagenic cellular melanocytic proliferation mostly based on homogeneous Western-based cohorts. Data addressing the possible interaction between exposure to different solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) magnitudes and BRAF mutation rate (BMR) in melanocytic nevi are limited. DESIGN Extended(More)
TO THE EDITOR: We commend Thompson and colleagues (1) for the development and publication of their recent guidelines for improving entry into and retention in care for persons with HIV. These guidelines are important for consolidating best practices in the approach to this multidimensional and complex issue. However, although we understand the gaps in(More)
An outbreak of fungal infections has been identified in patients who received epidural injections of methylprednisolone acetate that was contaminated with environmental molds. In this report, we present the mycological and histopathological findings in an index case of Exserohilum meningitis and vasculitis in an immunocompetent patient, who received a(More)
BACKGROUND Transepidermal elimination has been documented in a myriad of infectious diseases; however, its occurrence in cutaneous leishmaniasis has not been evaluated. METHODS Skin biopsies (n = 212) with cutaneous leishmaniasis in Lebanon (n = 46), Syria (n = 53), Saudi Arabia (n = 45) and Pakistan (n = 68) were evaluated. Clinical data collected(More)
BRAF mutation has been linked to the development of melanocytic tumors in homogeneous Caucasian cohorts. The role of solar UV radiation (UVR) in BRAF mutation status is poorly understood. We studied the epidemiology of BRAF mutation across a spectrum of melanocytic neoplasms in populations with differing UVR rates. Extended testing for 9 mutation types was(More)
Solid tumors are characterized by a plethora of epigenetic changes. In particular, patterns methylation of cytosines at the 5-position (5mC) in the context of CpGs are frequently altered in tumors. Recent evidence suggests that 5mC can get converted to 5-hydroxylmethylcytosine (5hmC) in an enzymatic process involving ten eleven translocation (TET) protein(More)
About one half of all bladder neoplasms are noninvasive, and in those, the histologic grade is a crucial prognosticator. Few single-center studies have assessed the recurrence, progression, and cancer-related mortality rates of noninvasive high-grade papillary urothelial carcinomas. With this aim, we evaluated the clinicopathologic and outcome features of(More)
GATA3 is a sensitive marker for urothelial carcinoma. We here evaluate, for the first time, GATA3 expression in small cell carcinoma of bladder and prostate and assess its utility in the differential diagnosis with small cell carcinoma of lung primary. Archival tissues from 60 small cell carcinomas (12 bladder, 15 lung, and 33 prostate primary cases) were(More)