Sarah Joy Castillo

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BACKGROUND To determine whether elevations of plasma norepinephrine (NE) in major depression represent increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity and to assess the effects of desipramine hydrochloride on sympathetic function. METHODS SNS activity was assessed in depressed patients and controls by an isotope-dilution, plasma NE kinetic technique(More)
To assess the effect of desipramine (DMI) on corticotropin-releasing-factor (CRF) activity in the central nervous system, we measured cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of CRF in healthy volunteers following short-term administration of DMI or placebo. DMI administration for 2 days was associated with a significant dose-related reduction in CRF(More)
This study examined the independent and joint effects of cigarette smoking and caffeine consumption on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) reactions to stress in male and female college students. Following an initial physiological baseline, participants received one of four experimental treatments (paced smoking, caffeine, smoking plus caffeine, or(More)
BACKGROUND A retrospective analysis is performed to determine if pre-treatment [18 F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) image derived parameters can predict radiation pneumonitis (RP) clinical symptoms in lung cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS We retrospectively studied 100 non-small cell lung(More)
The benefits of four-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) are limited by the presence of artifacts that remain difficult to quantify. A correlation-based metric previously proposed for ciné 4D CT artifact identification was further validated as an independent artifact evaluator by using a novel qualitative assessment featuring a group of observers(More)
PURPOSE Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) images are often marred by artifacts that substantially degrade image quality and confound image interpretation. Human observation remains the standard method of 4DCT artifact evaluation, which is time-consuming and subjective. We develop a method to automatically identify and reduce artifacts in cine 4DCT(More)
Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) is used to account for respiratory motion in radiation treatment planning, but artifacts resulting from the acquisition and postprocessing limit its accuracy. We investigated the efficacy of three experimental 4D CT acquisition methods to reduce artifacts in a prospective institutional review board approved(More)
This study examined the eliciting conditions of the diving reflex in humans. Sixteen subjects underwent four experimental trials each: breath holding (apnea), diving position, face immersion in water without breath holding (using a snorkel), and experimental dive conditions (water, position and apnea " WPA "). Heart rate, blood pressure, and ECG(More)
To study the pathology of peripheral nerves in experimental rabies infection, street rabies virus ws inoculated into the right footpad of two groups of mice, A and B, which received, respectively, 10(4.5) LD50 and 10(3.5) LD50 of the virus. Paralysis was observed in 60% of animals of group A and 20% of group B. The main ultrastructural abnormality present(More)
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