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The benefits of four-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) are limited by the presence of artifacts that remain difficult to quantify. A correlation-based metric previously proposed for ciné 4D CT artifact identification was further validated as an independent artifact evaluator by using a novel qualitative assessment featuring a group of observers(More)
BACKGROUND A retrospective analysis is performed to determine if pre-treatment [18 F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) image derived parameters can predict radiation pneumonitis (RP) clinical symptoms in lung cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS We retrospectively studied 100 non-small cell lung(More)
PURPOSE Artifacts arising from the 4D CT acquisition and post-processing methods add systematic uncertainty to the treatment planning process. We propose an alternate cine 4D CT acquisition and post-processing method to consistently reduce artifacts, and explore patient parameters indicative of image quality. METHODS In an IRB-approved protocol, 18(More)
Healthy epithelial cells, in vivo, have the ability to synthesize gold nanoparticles when aqueous tetrachloroauric acid is made to react with human skin. Neither a reducing agent nor a protecting chemical is needed for this bio-synthesis method. The first indication of gold nanoparticle formation is the staining of the skin, which turns deep purple.(More)
This study examined the eliciting conditions of the diving reflex in humans. Sixteen subjects underwent four experimental trials each: breath holding (apnea), diving position, face immersion in water without breath holding (using a snorkel), and experimental dive conditions (water, position and apnea " WPA "). Heart rate, blood pressure, and ECG(More)
Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) images are often marred by artifacts that substantially degrade image quality and confound image interpretation. Human observation remains the standard method of 4DCT artifact evaluation, which is time-consuming and subjective. We develop a method to automatically identify and reduce artifacts in cine 4DCT images.(More)
The authors report their experience on the nonsurgical treatment of capsular contractures due to breast implant augmentation mammaplasty. External ultrasonic repeated applications have been applied to 24 patients after closed capsulotomy procedures in order to reduce the recurrency rate. The new ultrasonic device used was based on a 2-MHz generator with a(More)
Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) is used to account for respiratory motion in radiation treatment planning, but artifacts resulting from the acquisition and postprocessing limit its accuracy. We investigated the efficacy of three experimental 4D CT acquisition methods to reduce artifacts in a prospective institutional review board approved(More)
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