Sarah Jezzard

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The ability of bacteria to mediate gene transfer has only recently been established and these observations have led to the utilization of various bacterial strains in gene therapy. The types of bacteria used include attenuated strains of Salmonella, Shigella, Listeria, and Yersinia, as well as non-pathogenic Escherichia coli. For some of these vectors, the(More)
Human:rodent somatic cell hybrids carrying a single, intact, selectable human chromosome are valuable both for functional somatic cell genetic analysis and genome mapping procedures. Here, we describe the construction and detailed molecular cytogenetic characterization of a panel of 23 stable hybrids, representing all 22 human autosomes plus the(More)
An invasive Escherichia coli expressing the inv gene from Yersinia pseudotuberculosis was used as a vector for protein delivery to mammalian epithelial cells. Upon incubation with beta1-integrin-expressing mammalian cells, the bacteria are internalized, allowing bacteria-encoded proteins to function from within the mammalian cell. These bacteria are(More)
Extract: The beneficial effects of bacteria on rejection of and resistance to tumors have been observed since the 18th century. Physicians have recorded hundreds of cases of spontaneous regression of many types of cancer following bacterial infections, such as staphylococcal or mixed infections, or bacterial vaccines. For example, significantly lower(More)
The fundamental hypotheses behind fetal gene therapy are that it may be possible (1) to achieve immune tolerance of transgene product and, perhaps, vector; (2) to target cells and tissues that are inaccessible in adult life; (3) to transduce a high percentage of rapidly proliferating cells, and in particular stem cells, with relatively low absolute virus(More)
Targeted gene expression can be achieved through the use of cell-selective promoters. However, when the expression cassette is delivered by an adenovirus, "promoter interference," resulting in the loss of specificity, has been reported. To overcome this problem, insulator elements (the bovine growth hormone transcription stop signal or HS4 chromatin(More)
Telomeres are specialized structures consisting of repeat arrays of TTAGGGn located at the ends of chromosomes. They are essential for chromosome stability and, in the majority of normal somatic cells, telomeres shorten with each cell division. Most immortalized cell lines and tumours reactivate telomerase to stabilize the shortening chromosomes. Telomerase(More)
Gene therapy directed to the gastroenterological manifestations of cystic fibrosis (CF) would ideally be administered systemically. Such delivery would require efficient targeting at the cellular level to achieve a safe and effective therapy. Here we describe gene delivery using the secretin receptor (SR) as a basolateral target specific to the biliary and(More)
In utero somatic gene therapy in the later stages of pregnancy may allow targeting of organ systems which are difficult to reach later in life and to prevent the development of tissue damage otherwise caused by the early onset of inherited diseases. We report here on the percutaneous delivery of two adenoviral vectors, containing the beta-galactosidase(More)
Intra-amniotic injection of adenovirus allows transduction of the fetal airways following natural fetal breathing movements. This administration method is promising for use in gene therapy for cystic fibrosis and other diseases for which the main target for exogenous gene expression is the lung. Here we have investigated factors that may affect the efficacy(More)