Sarah-Jane Leslie

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The gender imbalance in STEM subjects dominates current debates about women's underrepresentation in academia. However, women are well represented at the Ph.D. level in some sciences and poorly represented in some humanities (e.g., in 2011, 54% of U.S. Ph.D.'s in molecular biology were women versus only 31% in philosophy). We hypothesize that, across the(More)
0749-596X/$ see front matter 2010 Elsevier Inc doi:10.1016/j.jml.2010.12.005 ⇑ Corresponding author. Address: Department of P Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA. E-mail address: sjleslie@princeton.edu (S.-J. Lesli Generics are statements such as ‘‘tigers are striped’’ and ‘‘ducks lay eggs’’. They express general, though not universal or(More)
Common stereotypes associate high-level intellectual ability (brilliance, genius, etc.) with men more than women. These stereotypes discourage women's pursuit of many prestigious careers; that is, women are underrepresented in fields whose members cherish brilliance (such as physics and philosophy). Here we show that these stereotypes are endorsed by, and(More)
Women's underrepresentation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields is a prominent concern in our society and many others. Closer inspection of this phenomenon reveals a more nuanced picture, however, with women achieving parity with men at the Ph.D. level in certain STEM fields, while also being underrepresented in some non-STEM(More)
Prasada and Dillingham (2006, 2009) and Leslie (2007, 2008) hypothesize that ‘bare plural’ generics (e.g. “tigers are striped”) are used to express a range of conceptually different types of generalizations. We investigate whether different syntactic forms of generics are restricted to expressing only some of these types of generalizations, and if so, which(More)
Thought experiments about the self seem to lead to deeply conflicting intuitions about the self. Cases imagined from the 3 person perspective seem to provoke different responses than cases imagined from the 1 person perspective. This paper argues that recent cognitive theories of the imagination, coupled with standard views about indexical concepts, help(More)
Social essentialism entails the belief that certain social categories (e.g., gender, race) mark fundamentally distinct kinds of people. Essentialist beliefs have pernicious consequences, supporting social stereotyping and contributing to prejudice. How does social essentialism develop? In the studies reported here, we tested the hypothesis that generic(More)
Generics are sentences such as "ravens are black" and "tigers are striped", which express generalizations concerning kinds. Quantified statements such as "all tigers are striped" or "most ravens are black" also express generalizations, but unlike generics, they specify how many members of the kind have the property in question. Recently, some theorists have(More)