Sarah-Jane Bowes

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RATIONALE Poor specificity of face-value endpoints and the poor sensitivity of gross clinical examination may have militated against demonstrating prophylaxis by selegiline. METHODS Objective measures of the four cardinal signs were used as primary outcome criteria in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study of selegiline(More)
1. We have used gait analysis to investigate the efficacy of maintenance therapy with a levodopa/carbidopa combination in patients with idiopathic Parkinsonism, who do not have overt fluctuations in control in relation to administration of medication. 2. Fourteen patients (aged 64 to 88 years) receiving maintenance therapy with levodopa and carbidopa(More)
1. Quantification of the effect on rigidity of its 'activation', by isometric grip, of standardized pressure, of the contralateral hand, was explored. Torque required to move the forearm through a fixed angle of 40 degrees, at a controlled rate of 0.5 Hz, in a horizontal plane about a pivotal axis aligned to the elbow joint, was recorded before (12(More)
Reaction time was studied in 103 subjects with idiopathic parkinsonism and 144 without. Central processing time, as measured by the response to a warning, had a component which could be explained by the presence or absence of parkinsonism, but not by the ageing process, a mental test score, or consumption of exogenous substances. Depression did not(More)
1. Stride length is highly relevant to mobility and is sensitive to the effects of levodopa in Parkinsonism. Its selection as the primary outcome criterion allowed comparison of two levodopa/decarboxylase inhibitor formulations using a small number of subjects. 2. It is also desirable to improve stability. An instrumental method, based on infrared(More)
In 144 healthy, active, asymptomatic volunteers (aged 30-88 years), age explained 33% of the variance in free walking speed. This could not be ascribed simply to differences in physique at maturity, since height had a more important effect on speed (p less than 0.0001) than did leg length (p less than 0.01). Multiple linear regression was used to fit models(More)
Distance/time measures of gait in 105 sufferers from idiopathic Parkinsonism, who were able to walk unaided, and 144 healthy controls were examined systematically. Those sufferers with overt fluctuations in control were assessed during their "therapeutic window". Free walking speed was lower for a given cadence in the sufferers, but reached a plateau whilst(More)
1. We compare the sensitivity and specificity of chosen outcome criteria in a placebo-controlled, randomised cross-over study of the efficacy of maintenance therapy with the levodopa/carbidopa combination (Sinemet Plus) alone. Patients were characterised by having idiopathic Parkinsonism with no overt fluctuations in control in relation to individual doses(More)
1. Normally during walking, the heel strikes the ground before the forefoot. Abnormalities of foot strike in idiopathic Parkinson's disease may be amenable to therapy: objective measurements may reveal response which is not clinically apparent. Occult changes in foot strike leading to instability may parallel the normal, age-related loss of striatal(More)