Sarah J Yardley

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This Guide provides an overview of educational theory relevant to learning from experience. It considers experience gained in clinical workplaces from early medical student days through qualification to continuing professional development. Three key assumptions underpin the Guide: learning is 'situated'; it can be viewed either as an individual or a(More)
We tested the efficacy, stability and predictors of outcome of unilateral pallidotomy used to treat patients with Parkinson's disease inadequately controlled with pharmacotherapy (IP). The surgical procedure was as simple as possible; we used CT rather than MRI, and we omitted microelectrode recording. We studied 24 patients with IP; 22 of these patients(More)
BACKGROUND People are increasingly living for longer with multimorbidity. Medical education and healthcare delivery must be re-orientated to meet the societal and individual patient needs that multimorbidity confers. The impact of multimorbidity on the educational needs of doctors is little understood. There has been little critique of how learning(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aims to review, critically, the suitability of Kirkpatrick's levels for appraising interventions in medical education, to review empirical evidence of their application in this context, and to explore alternative ways of appraising research evidence. METHODS The mixed methods used in this research included a narrative literature(More)
OBJECTIVES Multimorbidity is an increasing challenge. Better understanding of lived experiences of patients, general practitioners and trainees, may advance patient care and medical education. This interpretative meta-synthesis sought to (i) understand lived experiences of patients, general practitioners and trainees regarding multimorbidity, (ii) identify(More)
This paper addresses the question 'what are the variables influencing social interactions and learning during Authentic Early Experience (AEE)?' AEE is a complex educational intervention for new medical students. Following critique of the existing literature, multiple qualitative methods were used to create a study framework conceptually orientated to a(More)
Lung cancer has a higher incidence than any other type of cancer and more than 80% of sufferers die within a year of diagnosis. An important aspect of caring for cancer patients is the breaking of bad news, something that most doctors admit to having difficulty with. Only a few publications on this issue adopt the patients' perspective. This study aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reviewed evidence published from 1992 to 2001 concerning early experience for healthcare undergraduates (Dornan T, Littlewood S, Margolis S, Scherpbier A, Spencer J, Ypinazar V. 2006. How can experience in clinical and community settings contribute to early medical education? A BEME systematic review. Med Teach 28:3-18). This(More)
Unilateral pallidotomy has gained popularity in treating the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease. We present the results of a 2-year post-pallidotomy follow-up study. Using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), the Goetz dyskinesia scale and the Purdue Pegboard Test (PPBT), we evaluated 20 patients at regular intervals both off and on(More)
Whilst much is debated about the importance of experiential learning in curriculum development, the concept only becomes effective if it is applied in an appropriate way. We believe that this effectiveness is directly related to a sound understanding of the theory, supporting the learning. The purpose of this article is to introduce readers to the theories(More)