Sarah J. Horton

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Recent evidence suggests that inhibition of bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) epigenetic readers may have clinical utility against acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here we validate this hypothesis, demonstrating the efficacy of the BET inhibitor I-BET151 across a variety of AML subtypes driven by disparate mutations. We demonstrate that a common ‘core’(More)
The MLL–AF9 fusion gene is associated with aggressive leukemias of both the myeloid and lymphoid lineage in infants, whereas in adults, this translocation is mainly associated with acute myeloid leukemia. These observations suggest that differences exist between fetal and adult tissues in terms of the ‘cell of origin’ from which the leukemia develops. Here(More)
The t(12;21)(p13;q22) translocation is the most common chromosomal abnormality yet identified in any pediatric leukemia and gives rise to the TEL-AML1 fusion product. To investigate the effects of TEL-AML1 on hematopoiesis, fetal liver hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) were transduced with retroviral vectors expressing this fusion protein. We show that(More)
The major limitation for the development of curative cancer therapies has been an incomplete understanding of the molecular mechanisms driving cancer progression. Human models to study the development and progression of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) have not been established. Here, we show that BMI1 collaborates with BCR-ABL in inducing a fatal leukemia in(More)
The existence of cancer stem cells has long been postulated, but was proven less than 20 years ago following the demonstration that only a small sub-fraction of leukemic cells from acute myeloid leukemia patients were able to propagate the disease in xenografts. These cells were termed leukemic stem cells since they exist at the apex of a loose hierarchy,(More)
The t[(11;19)(p22;q23)] translocation, which gives rise to the MLL-ENL fusion protein, is commonly found in infant acute leukemias of both the myeloid and lymphoid lineage. To investigate the molecular mechanism of immortalization by MLL-ENL we established a Tet-regulatable system of MLL-ENL expression in primary hematopoietic progenitor cells. Immortalized(More)
Zinc finger protein 521 (EHZF/ZNF521) is a multi-functional transcription co-factor containing 30 zinc fingers and an amino-terminal motif that binds to the nucleosome remodelling and histone deacetylase (NuRD) complex. ZNF521 is believed to be a relevant player in the regulation of the homeostasis of the hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell compartment,(More)
The most frequent chromosomal translocations in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia affect the 11q23 locus and give rise to mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) fusion genes, MLL-AF9 being the most prevalent. The MLL-AF9 fusion gene has been shown to induce leukemia in both mouse and human models. In this study, we demonstrate that leukemogenic activity of MLL-AF9(More)
Loss-of-function mutations of cyclic-AMP response element binding protein, binding protein (CREBBP) are prevalent in lymphoid malignancies. However, the tumour suppressor functions of CREBBP remain unclear. We demonstrate that loss of Crebbp in murine haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) leads to increased development of B-cell lymphomas. This(More)
Mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) fusion genes arise from chromosomal translocations and induce acute myeloid leukemia through a mechanism involving transcriptional deregulation of differentiation and self-renewal programs. Progression of MLL-rearranged acute myeloid leukemia is associated with increased activation of Rac GTPases. Here, we demonstrate that MLL(More)