Sarah-J. Dawson

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A study of 304 sexually active homosexual men, most of whom had multiple casual partners, showed that receptive anogenital intercourse, independent of anal bleeding, was the only risk factor for HTLV-III/LAV transmission. There was no evidence that HTLV-III/LAV infection, measured by seropositivity, was transmitted by oroanal or orogenital routes, or that(More)
To assess whether the spread of infection with HIV can be reduced by changes in behaviour among groups most at risk because of their sexual practices sexual behaviour was monitored among 1050 homosexual men tested for HIV infection at a genitourinary medicine clinic in west London from November 1984 to September 1987. Four cohorts, defined by date of(More)
A comparison was made between human blood agar containing amphotericin B, nalidixic acid and either gentamicin or colistin for the isolation of Gardnerella vaginalis from cases of non-specific vaginitis seen in a clinic for sexually transmitted diseases. The medium containing gentamicin was more inhibitory for non-Gardnerella species, but not sufficiently(More)
The prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in the urethra of 430 men attending a clinic for sexually transmitted disease was 11·4%; it was significantly higher in heterosexuals (14·5%) than in homosexuals (4·5%). There was no evidence of rectal or subpreputial carriage of G vaginalis, and urethral carriage was not associated with symptoms of urethritis.
In the vaginal washings of 100 women with symptomatic non-specific vaginitis a succinate/lactate ratio of greater than or equal to 0.4 had a diagnostic sensitivity of 80%, a specificity of 83% for this condition. The predictive value of a positive test was 94%, but that of a negative test was only 55%. A strong association between the presence of(More)
The hydroxy metabolite of metronidazole was found to be more active against 21 strains of Gardnerella vaginalis than the parent compound and less affected by culture in carbon dioxide. After 400 mg oral metronidazole (Flagyl) plasma concentrations of the two agents were below the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for most G vaginalis strains tested.(More)
Immunoblotting has been used to compare the specificity of serum and local IgG and IgA antibodies in 13 women with gonorrhoea and in 13 controls. The technique allowed the simultaneous detection of antibodies to the major outer membrane proteins I, II, and III, pili and lipopolysaccharide; antibodies to another antigen which is probably a 'carbohydrate'(More)
We have used subunit-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and immunohistochemistry to examine the distribution of integrin alpha 6 beta 4 in normal ectocervical epithelium and various grades of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Antibodies were first characterised by immunoprecipitation from two surface-labelled tumour cell lines. Monoclonal(More)
Distinctive patterns of skin disease other than Kaposi's sarcoma have been in patients with AIDS, in others with persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL) and in a group at high risk of developing AIDS. We found a chronic acneiform folliculitis on the face, back, chest and buttocks, extensive cutaneous fungal infections and a striking neck and beard(More)