Sarah Howard

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This paper addresses the issues related to improving the overall quality of the requirements tracing process for Independent Verification and Validation analysts. The contribution of the paper is three-fold: we define requirements for a tracing tool based on analyst responsibilities in the tracing process; we introduce several new measures for validating(More)
To the Editor: Dr Lang and colleagues reported that higher levels of urinary bisphenol A (BPA) were associated with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in a crosssectional analysis of US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data. While these findings have public health importance, I am concerned about the classification of(More)
Previous experimental research indicates that the use of average-size women models in advertising prevents the well-documented negative effect of thin models on women's body image, while such adverts are perceived as equally effective (Halliwell & Dittmar, 2004). The current study extends this work by: (a) seeking to replicate the finding of no difference(More)
The increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children around the world is unexplained. Even though various environmental chemicals have been linked to the development of type 2 diabetes as well as other autoimmune diseases, the possibility that environmental chemicals may contribute to the development of T1D has not been adequately evaluated. There(More)
To the Editor: Hectors et al. provide an important review of the effects of exposure to environmental chemicals on beta cell function and their implication for the development of type 2 diabetes [1]. A disruption of beta cell function is not limited to type 2 diabetes, it also plays a role in type 1 and gestational diabetes. While the epidemiological and(More)
Behavior Change Support Systems (BCSS), in general, are defined as "socio-technical information systems with psychological and behavioral outcomes designed to form, alter or reinforce attitudes, behaviors or an act of complying without using coercion or deception." [1] Thus, all BCSSs are persuasive systems, i.e. they have been designed with the intent to(More)
Berhan et al. (1) report that the increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes in children has begun to level off in Sweden, beginning with children born around the year 2000. One possible explanation for these encouraging data is Sweden’s voluntary phase out of brominated flame retardants (BFRs), including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), during the(More)
The incidence of childhood obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other forms of metabolic disease have been rising over the past several decades. Although diet and physical activity play important roles in these trends, other environmental factors also may contribute to this significant public health issue. In this article, we discuss the possibility that(More)