Sarah H Ward

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate and compare the extent of Internet use by infertile couples attending a government-funded and a private assisted reproductive technology clinic. DESIGN A prospective study. SETTING One private and one public tertiary care fertility clinic in Toronto. PATIENT(S) 250 patients were approached, and 150 (60%) responded. (More)
OBJECTIVE The cause of discordant growth in monochorionic twins is not clear. We hypothesize that growth restriction of 1 monochorionic twin is due to fetal under-nutrition. STUDY DESIGN We measured plasma amino acid concentrations by high performance liquid chromatography in maternal venous and fetal umbilical cord venous blood samples that were(More)
2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HPbetaCD) is a promising experimental therapy for Niemann-Pick type C disease that improved intracellular cholesterol transport, substantially reduced neurodegeneration and hepatic disease, and increased lifespan in npc1 mice. On the basis of favorable treatment outcome in mice, HPbetaCD is being evaluated as a therapy in(More)
Niemann-Pick type C1 (NPC) disease is a lysosomal storage disease caused by mutations in the NPC1 gene, leading to an increase in unesterified cholesterol and several sphingolipids, and resulting in hepatic disease and progressive neurological disease. We show that subcutaneous administration of the pharmaceutical excipient 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin(More)
OBJECT The authors evaluated convection-enhanced delivery (CED) of 14C-sucrose to the rat brain as a method of enhancing cerebral drug delivery and compared it with intravenous (i.v.) and intraventricular (i.v.t.) routes of administration. METHODS Groups of rats received 14C-sucrose by bolus i.v. infusion, i.v.t. infusion for 1, 2, or 7 days at 0.17(More)
Being able to predict an individual's potential for recovery of motor function after stroke may facilitate the use of more effective targeted rehabilitation strategies, and management of patient expectations and goals. This review summarises developments since 2010 of approaches based on clinical, neurophysiological and neuroimaging measures for predicting(More)
In addition to biomechanical disturbances, peripheral joint injuries (PJIs) can also result in chronic neuromuscular alterations due in part to loss of mechanoreceptor-mediated afferent feedback. An emerging perspective is that PJI should be viewed as a neurophysiological dysfunction, not simply a local injury. Neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish normal parameters in early pregnancy through transvaginal ultrasonography so that gestational age can be determined and to correlate the sonographic findings with serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels calibrated against the first international reference preparation standard. SETTING Infertility clinic. PATIENTS(More)
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) transcapillary transport was studied after insertion of cannulas and microdialysis probes into the brains of three groups of rats. Quantitative autoradiography was used to measure changes in BBB permeability around the insertion site. In the first group, BBB function was measured with 14C-sucrose at times from immediately, and up(More)
We studied the role of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in the pathophysiology of polyhydramnios in monochorionic (MC) twins with and without twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). Matched maternal, fetal blood samples and amniotic fluids (AF) were obtained in utero (n=12) and at birth (n=20) from MC twins with TTTS. Blood and amniotic fluid samples were(More)