Sarah Gulliford

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BACKGROUND Several studies have reported associations between radiation toxicity and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes. Few associations have been tested in independent validation studies. This prospective study aimed to validate reported associations between genotype and radiation toxicity in a large independent dataset. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Normal Tissue Complication Probability (NTCP) for rectum is usually defined for late rectal bleeding. This study calculates NTCP parameter values for additional rectal toxicity endpoints observed in clinical practise. MATERIALS AND METHODS 388 patients from the multicentre MRC-RT01 prostate conformal radiotherapy trial (ISRCTN(More)
PURPOSE Radical radiotherapy for prostate cancer is effective but dose limited because of the proximity of normal tissues. Comprehensive dose-volume analysis of the incidence of clinically relevant late rectal toxicities could indicate how the dose to the rectum should be constrained. Previous emphasis has been on constraining the mid-to-high dose range(More)
Many studies have been performed to assess correlations between measures derived from dose-volume histograms and late rectal toxicities for radiotherapy of prostate cancer. The purpose of this study was to quantify correlations between measures describing the shape and location of the dose distribution and different outcomes. The dose to the rectal wall was(More)
There is currently no standard method for delineating the oral mucosa and most attempts are oversimplified. A new method to obtain anatomically accurate contours of the oral mucosa surfaces was developed and applied to 11 patients. This is expected to represent an opportunity for improved toxicity modelling of oral mucositis.
PURPOSE Aim of this study was to correlate dose to pharyngeal constrictors (PC) with subjective and observer-based assessments of swallowing in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing concomitant chemo-IMRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) for superior constrictor (SC), middle constrictor (MC) and inferior constrictor (IC) were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study was designed to identify common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with toxicity 2years after radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A genome wide association study was performed in 1850 patients from the RAPPER study: 1217 received adjuvant breast radiotherapy and 633 had radical prostate radiotherapy.(More)
Radical radiotherapy has a pivotal role in the treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC) and cures a significant proportion of patients while simultaneously sparing critical normal organs. Some patients treated with radical radiotherapy for HNC receive significant radiation doses to large volumes of brain tissue. In fact, intensity-modulated radiotherapy(More)
Many models exist for predicting toxicities based on dose-volume histograms (DVHs) or dose-surface histograms (DSHs). This approach has several drawbacks as firstly the reduction of the dose distribution to a histogram results in the loss of spatial information and secondly the bins of the histograms are highly correlated with each other. Furthermore, some(More)
PURPOSE To use a high-quality multicenter trial dataset to determine dose-volume effects for gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity following radiation therapy for prostate carcinoma. Influential dose-volume histogram regions were to be determined as functions of dose, anatomical location, toxicity, and clinical endpoint. METHODS AND MATERIALS Planning datasets(More)