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Digital dermatitis (DD), first described in 1974 by Cheli and Mortellaro (R. Cheli and C. Mortellaro, p. 208-213, in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Diseases of Cattle, 1974), is a major problem in diary cows and beef cattle causing significant economic losses worldwide. Lesions are typically found at the volar skin proximal to the heel(More)
Aggregative thin fimbriae from a pigeon pathogen, Salmonella typhimurium var. copenhagen (STMVC) Mö 8 were isolated and purified. These fimbriae remained associated with the cells even after attempts to separate them from blended cells by centrifugation. After purification, fimbriae and little cell fractions were polymerized in formic acid and then analyzed(More)
An enrichment selection method using repeated pulses of low drug concentration (1 microgram/ml) was used to isolate CHO (AK412) variants that are 20-fold more resistant to cytochalasin D (CD). CD-resistant (CydR) variants possess a unique unstable phenotype, including a longer doubling time in nonselective medium, a higher frequency of multinucleate cells(More)
A novel Treponema species was isolated from an ulcerative lesion of a cow suffering from digital dermatitis (DD), a disease which causes painful ulcerations along the coronary band. Among other anaerobic bacteria, high numbers of spirochaetes have been regularly found in DD lesions. Here data are presented of a spirochaete isolated from a DD ulcer. By(More)
In typical Dermatitis digitalis (D.d.) lesions, spirochaete-like bacteria with variations in spiralization were revealed by electron microscopy. While, in the early stages of the disease, these are found to be associated with fibrillar material of keratocytes, they occur massively in vacuoles at more advanced stages. The spirochaetes carry one pair of(More)
79 strains of P. multocida were investigated, mostly isolated from porcine nasal cavities, and a mannose-resistant hemagglutination with guinea pig and human group 0, but not with porcine erythrocytes was found. Fimbriae as adhesins were demonstrated only on 2 strains. A correlation between capsular type, hemagglutination, fimbriation and toxigenicity on(More)