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AIM To investigate in vitro the mechanical stability of a locking compression plate (LCP) construct in a simulated diaphyseal fracture of the humerus at increasing distances between the plate and bone. MATERIALS AND METHOD A series of biomechanical in vitro experiments were performed using composite humerus sawbone as the bone model. Osteotomy created in(More)
BACKGROUND The persistence of protection from meningococcal disease following immunization with serogroup C meningococcal (MenC) glycoconjugate vaccines in infancy is short-lived. The duration of protective immunity afforded by these vaccines in other at-risk age groups (i.e., adolescents and young adults) is not known. We evaluated the persistence of(More)
The locked metacarpophalangeal joint of a finger is an unusual condition frequently confused with a "trigger finger." The causes can be classified into degenerative and spontaneous groups. Ten cases are presented. The cause of locking of one patient in the degenerative group was gouty arthritis, a cause not previously reported in the literature. Although(More)
An Ilizarov apparatus was successfully used in the treatment of a six-year-old child with a radially deviated hand caused by congenital pseudoarthrosis of the distal radius after previous traditional surgery failed. The limb length was restored, the pseudoarthrosis healed, and the deviated hand corrected. A second child, five years old, with Poland's(More)
Neisseria meningitidis is one of the leading causes of bacterial meningitis and septicemia in children. Vaccines containing the purified polysaccharide capsule from the organism, a T cell-independent antigen, have been available for decades but do not appear to provide protection in infancy or immunologic memory as measured by antibody responses. By(More)
Although arthrodesis of an arthritic proximal interphalangeal joint provides excellent relief of pain, it does so at the expense of mobility. Silicone rubber implant arthroplasty also provides predictable relief of pain and approximately 60 degrees of motion. Insertion of the implant through a dorsal extensor-splitting approach is preferred when a tendon(More)
The role of wear debris in provoking joint replacement failure through bone resorption is now supported by much research. This study presents the analysis of 104 tissue samples using laser diffraction wear particle analysis in conjunction with standard histologic methods. The number and volume distributions were correlated to a range of joint and patient(More)
Flexion of the toes may be active from muscle contraction or passive from the reversed windlass function of the plantar aponeurosis. The aim of this study was to estimate the flexion moments the muscles of the foot and long digital flexors may be capable of generating and compare these calculations with published data. Magnetic resonance images were used to(More)
Dorsal dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint are common injuries, and reduction is usually obtained by manipulation. We describe four cases of dorsal dislocation in which attempts at reduction by manipulation were not successful. Three of these injuries were open and one was closed. At surgery, the main block to reduction in all cases was the(More)