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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common, late-onset disease with seemingly typical complexity: recurrence ratios for siblings of an affected individual are three- to sixfold higher than in the general population, and family-based analysis has resulted in only modestly significant evidence for linkage. In a case-control study drawn from a US-based(More)
CONTEXT Studies have reported that single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the genes CFH and LOC387715 are associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). OBJECTIVE To assess whether these genetic variants have prognostic importance for progression to advanced AMD and related visual loss. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Prospective analysis of 1466(More)
SummaryDysregulation of matrix degrading metalloproteinase enzymes (MMPs) leads to increased extracellular matrix turnover, a key event in the local invasion and metastasis of many tumours. The tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) limit the activity of MMPs, which suggests their use in gene therapy. We have previously shown that overexpression of(More)
Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are a family of closely related secreted proteins that limit matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and also have direct effects on cell growth. We used the highly efficient adenoviral delivery system to overexpress individual TIMPs from the cytomegalovirus immediate early promoter in rat aortic smooth muscle(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate modifiable risk and protective factors for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) among elderly twins. METHODS The US Twin Study of Age-Related Macular Degeneration comprises elderly male twins from the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council World War II Veteran Twin Registry. To determine genetic and environmental(More)
We previously observed that stimulation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation with growth factors is associated with dismantling of cadherin junctions and nuclear translocation of beta-catenin. In this study we demonstrate directly that growth factors stimulate beta-catenin/T-cell factor (TCF) signaling in primary VSMCs. To determine whether(More)
BACKGROUND Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and cardiovascular disease share common risk factors. Inflammatory biomarkers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), soluble tumor necrosis factor alpha receptor 2, soluble intercellular and vascular adhesion molecules (intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule(More)
Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to intimal thickening during atherosclerosis and restenosis. The cadherins are transmembrane proteins, which form cell-cell contacts and may regulate VSMC proliferation. In this study, N-cadherin protein concentration was significantly reduced by stimulation of proliferation with fetal calf(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is an important component of atherosclerosis, restenosis after angioplasty and stent placement, and vein graft failure. Outside-in signaling from the cadherin:beta-catenin complex can increase transcription of the cell-cycle gene cyclin D1; however, its role in VSMC proliferation has only recently(More)
Phosphoproteins of the organic matrix of bone and dentin have been implicated as regulators of the nucleation and growth of the inorganic Ca-P crystals of vertebrate bones and teeth. One such protein identified in the dentin matrix is phosphophoryn (PP). It is highly acidic in nature because of a high content of aspartic acid and phosphate groups on(More)