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The effects of several 5-HT1A agonists and excitatory amino acid antagonists were compared to the standard benzodiazepines, diazepam and chlordiazepoxide (CDP) in two assays predictive of anxiolytic activity, the social interaction and elevated plus maze procedures. Indicative of anxiolytic effects the 5-HT1A agonists, buspirone, gepirone and(More)
Nomifensine has demonstrated efficacy in several animal models that have been found to be predictive of clinical antidepressant activity, and has also been found to have a low potential for both cardiovascular and anticholinergic side effects. A comparison of nomifensine's profile with those of standard antidepressant agents shows this drug to possess clear(More)
Benzodiazepine (BZD) anxiolytics, through their activation of the BZD-GABA receptor complex, display robust anxiolytic-like effects following systemic administration in both conditioned and non-conditioned behavioral procedures. The present results show that the GABAA agonists muscimol (0.5-1.0 mg/kg), THIP (2.5-10.0 mg/kg), and isoguvacine (25.0 mg/kg) as(More)
The activity of clonidine and its interaction with morphine was assessed in the mouse tail flick assay. In this assay, clonidine was found to be 10 times more potent than morphine. Clonidine potentiated morphine antinociceptive activity approximately five-fold and morphine potentiated clonidine activity four-fold. Clonidine's agonstic activity was not(More)
Rats were trained to discriminate physostigmine (0.1 mg/kg s.c.) from saline in a two-choice, discrete-trial avoidance paradigm. Stimulus generalization curves for physostigmine were steep; complete generalization with physostigmine occurred only at the 0.1 mg/kg training dose. The muscarinic cholinergic agonists oxotremorine, pilocarpine and arecoline were(More)
The partial, articulated skeleton of a pleuro-diran turtle from the Nova Olinda Member of the Crato Formation (Araripe Basin) of northeast Brazil displays an impression of the outline of the soft tissues surrounding the left hind limb. The external mould of the soft tissue surface preserves only the gross morphology of the limb although the outline of the(More)
Institutional pressures to make optimal use of lecture halls and classrooms can be powerful motivators to identify resources to develop technology enhanced learning approaches to traditional curricula. From the academic's perspective, engaging students in active learning and reducing the academic workload are important and complementary drivers. This paper(More)
Clonidine was found to possess dose-dependent analgesic and antiwithdrawal activity. In mice, clonidine prolonged the tail flick latency and inhibited phenylquinone-induced writhing. In rats, it inhibited tail withdrawal from hot water and a pain response to pressure application on an inflamed paw. The effective doses of clonidine were different in the(More)